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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients undergoing off-pump CABG+CE

From: Intraoperative intra-aortic balloon pump improves 30-day outcomes of patients undergoing extensive coronary endarterectomy

variables Control group (n = 437) IABP group (n = 109) P valve
Age (years) 61.25 ± 8.52 60.66 ± 8.53 0.518
Gender (males; %) 340 (77.80) 82 (75.23) 0.566
BMI (kg/m2) 25.87 ± 2.76 26.70 ± 2.58 0.005
Smoking (%) 162 (37.16) 33 (30.28) 0.185
Hypertension (%) 272 (62.24) 73 (66.97) 0.360
Diabetes mellitus (%) 179 (40.96) 58 (53.21) 0.021
Prior stroke (%) 64 (14.64) 10 (9.17) 0.135
PVD 152 (34.78) 39 (35.78) 0.845
LVEF 61.02 ± 7.38 60.47 ± 8.74 0.546
LVEDD 49.92 ± 5.05 50.72 ± 5.92 0.196
NYHA class III or IV 12 (2.74) 4 (3.67) 0.538
  1. BMI body mass index, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, CE coronary endarterectomy, PVD peripheral vascular diseases, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, LVEDD left ventricular end diastolic diameter