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Table 3 Surgical parameters and in-hospital outcomes of patients with different phase of IABP support

From: Intraoperative intra-aortic balloon pump improves 30-day outcomes of patients undergoing extensive coronary endarterectomy

variables Intraoperative IABP group (n = 48) Postoperative IABP group (n = 61) P valve
Number of graft anastomosis 3.98 ± 0.50 3.82 ± 0.58 0.132
LIMA-LAD anastomosis (%) 44 (91.67) 53 (86.88) 0.429
CE on LAD (%) 15 (31.25) 31 (50.82) 0.040
CE ≥2 vessels (%) 13 (27.08) 45 (73.77) < 0.001
length of atherosclerotic plaque ≥3 cm (%) 26 (54.17) 46 (75.41) 0.020
Postoperative AMI 5 (10.42) 16 (26.23) 0.038
30-day mortality 2 (4.17) 9 (14.75) 0.108
Duration of mechanical ventilation (hours) 54.67 ± 78.69 55.72 ± 92.77 0.895
Length of ICU stay (days) 2.88 ± 2.86 3.13 ± 3.15 0.667
Length of postoperative hospital stays (days) 11.07 ± 5.79 11.21 ± 9.43 0.925
IABP complications    0.445
 Lower limb ischemia requiring surgery 1 0  
 Severe bleeding 0 0  
  1. CE coronary endarterectomy, IABP intra-aortic balloon pump, ICU intensive care unit, LAD left anterior descending branch of coronary artery, LIMA left internal mammary artery