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Table 1 Patient and nodule characteristics

From: CT-guided hook-wire localization of malignant pulmonary nodules for video assisted thoracoscopic surgery

Characteristics Value
Gender (Male/Female) 24/56
Age (years) 50.65 ± 11.75 (27–82)
Smoking history 14 (17.5%)
CT nodule size (mm) 0.85 ± 0.1 (3–10)
Nodule distance to pleural surface (mm) 19.66 ± 14.10 (0–85)
Length of hook-wire in lung parenchyma (mm) 29.17 ± 13.14 (10–80.0)
Nodule location
 RUL 32 (40%)
 RML 8 (10%)
 RLL 18 (22.5%)
 LUL 15 (18.7%)
 LLL 8 (10%)
Nodule feature
 pGGN 54 (67.5%)
 mGGN 26 (32.5%)
 Duration of hook wire placement (min) 9.0 ± 2.6 (5–18)
 Duration of VATS procedure (min) 89.02 ± 23.35 (20–120)
Complication of hook wire
 Minor pneumothorax 27 (33.7%)
 Mild pulmonary hemorrhage 18 (22.5%)
 Hookwire dislodgement 2 (2.5%)
Histopathologic results
 AIS 10 (12.4%)
 MIA 51 (63.8%)
 IA 19 (23.8%)
Surgical type
 Wedge 4 (0.05%)
 Segmentectomy 66 (82.5%)
 lobectomy 10 (12.5%)