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Table 5 Distribution of cases with BPF related to risk factors and concomitant diseases

From: Is the flap reinforcement of the bronchial stump really necessary to prevent bronchial fistula?

  Presence of fistula P-value
Yes (N = 18)a No (N = 540)
Age
  < 60 years old 0 (0) 214 (39.6) P = 0.014
  ≥ 60 years fold 18 (100) 326 (40.4)
Gender
 Male 12 (66.7) 366 (67.8) P = 0.04
 Female 6 (33.3) 174 (32.2)
Smoker
 No 18 (100) 196 (36.3) P = 0.02
 Yes 0 (0) 344 (63.7)
Alcohol user
 Yes 18 (100) 192 (36.2) P < 0.001
 No 0 (0) 338 (63.8)
Concomitant diseases
 Without concomitant diseases 2 (11.1) 282 (52.2)  
 Cardio-Vascular disease 12 (66.7) 134 (24.8)  
 Other pulmonary diseases 4 (22.2) 52 (9.6)  
 Infective pulmonary disease 0 (0) 18 (3.3) P = 0.7
 Diabetes Mellitus 0 (0) 14 (2.6)  
 Other lung malignancies 0 (0) 14 (2.6)  
 Renal diseases 0 (0) 4 (0.7)  
 Hemoptyzis 0 (0) 2 (0.4)  
 Metastasis 0 (0) 2 (0.4)  
 Other diseases 0 (0) 18 (3.3)  
  1. aNumber of cases and column percentages (in parenthesis)