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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the patients

From: Assessment of carotid artery stenosis and lower limb peripheral ischemia before coronary artery bypass grafting operations: a non-randomized clinical trial

Parameter Low-risk group
(N = 180)
High-risk group
(N = 180)
Tests
t/X2 P-value
Age 48.76 ± 11.22 61.06 ± 9.38 11.287 < 0.001**
Sex Female 26 (14.4%) 35 (19.4%) 1.599 0.206
Male 154 (85.6%) 145 (80.6%)
BMI 28.81 ± 2.99 28.65 ± 3.15 0.493 0.622
DM 83 (46.1%) 74 (41.1%) 0.915 0.339
HTN 97 (53.9%) 83 (46.1%) 2.178 0.140
Dyslipidemia 58 (32.2%) 34 (18.9%) 8.410 0.004*
Smoking 44 (24.4%) 21 (11.7%) 9.932 0.002*
EURO score 1.50 ± 0.60 3.49 ± 0.50 34.273 < 0.001**
Age > =75 0 (0.0%) 13 (7.2%) 13.487 < 0.001**
History of PAD 0 (0.0%) 37 (20.6%) 41.238 < 0.001**
History of cerebrovascular events or CVS 0 (0.0%) 26 (14.4%) 28.024 < 0.001**
Presence of carotid bruit 0 (0.0%) 43 (23.9%) 48.833 < 0.001**
Left main stem lesion 0 (0.0%) 70 (38.9%) 86.897 < 0.001**
Preoperative EF 54.79 ± 6.25 54.69 ± 5.75 0.158 0.875
  1. All values are mean ± standard deviation or N (%)
  2. BMI Body mass index, DM Diabetes mellitus, HTN Hypertension, PAD Peripheral arterial diseases, CVS Cerebrovascular stroke, EF Ejection fraction