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Table 6 Descriptive statistics of procedures and administered medications with results of regression analyses

From: Three-year experience with immediate extubation in pediatric patients after congenital cardiac surgery

VariableaUnderwent Treatment/ProcedurePatients Underwent the Treatment/Procedurepb
YesNoOverallDelayed ExtubationImmediate/Early Extubation
N (%)N (%)NMedian (Qrange)NMedian (Qrange)NMedian (Qrange)
Aortic cross clamp (min)293 (83.7)57 (16.3)29362.0 (52.5)21172.0 (60.9)82 < 0.0001
Low Temperature (°C)346 (98.9)4 (1.1)34628.3 (13.3)23018.9 (12.0)11630.2 (4.9)< 0.0001
DHCA (min)42 (12.0)308 (88.0)4225.0 (33.0)4021.0 (33.5)226.5 (1.00)0.662
Urine (cc/kg)330 (94.3)20 (5.7)3305.7 (8.6)2145.1 (7.6)1167.43 (10.3)0.002
Fentanyl (mcg/kg)347 (99.1)3 (0.9)34717.9 (21.7)23227.0 (17.4)1158.82 (10.7)< 0.0001
Morphine (mg/kg)4 (1.1)346 (98.9)40.4 (2.0)10.16 (0.00)30.56 (3.60)NA
Propofol (mg/kg)246 (70.3)104 (29.7)2463.0 (3.6)1502.8 (4.27)963.08 (3.0)0.594
Dexmedetomidine (mcg/kg)302 (86.3)48 (13.7)3023.0 (2.5)1882.9 (2.70)1143.33 (2.2)0.005
Roc uranium (mg/kg)349 (99.7)1 (0.3)3493.5 (2.6)2314.2 (2.7)1182.73 (1.0)0.742
Neostigmine (mg/kg)94 (26.9)256 (73.1)940.01 (0.01)130.1 (0.04)810.07 (0.0)0.944
Sugammadex (mg/kg)35 (10.0)315 (90.0)355.0 (4.1)54.4 (1.00)305.37 (4.1)NA
Midazolam (mg/kg)21 (6.0)329 (94.0)210.3 (0.1)120.3 (0.41)90.33 (0.1)0.676
Other Sedatives (mg/kg)32 (9.1)318 (90.9)324.7 (3.2)294.6 (2.4)310.0 (18.0)NA
Mannitol (mg/kg)218 (62.3)132 (37.7)218407.2 (100.0)148409.0 (100.0)70406.0 (100.0)0.661
Lasix (mg/kg)298 (85.1)52 (14.9)2980.5 (0.4)1950.6 (0.29)1030.3 (0.2)0.008
NS Amount (cc/kg)344 (98.3)6 (1.7)34420.0 (14.6)22721.4 (15.9)11717.5 (11.5)0.003
HFC (mg/kg)300 (85.7)50 (14.3)30098.7 (71.0)208137.0 (75.8)9270.1 (55.5)0.129
Milrinone (mg/kg)349 (99.7)1 (0.3)3490.2 (0.1)2320.2 (0.06)1170.14 (0.03)0.103
Epinephrine (mg/kg)135 (38.6)215 (61.4)1350.01 (0.01)1320.01 (0.01)30.00 (0.02)0.791
Vasopresin (mcg/kg)6 (1.7)344 (98.3)60.0 (0.1)60.1 (0.1)00.00NA
ICU EBL (cc/kg)331 (94.6)19 (5.4)33130.0 (35.0)21938.0 (47.0)11224.0 (16.5)0.858
Intubation (days)#245 (70.0)105 (30.0)3462.0 (4.0)2293.0 (3.00)1170.0 (0.0)< 0.0001
  1. Note. a 0 s in variables are excluded. # 0 s were NOT Excluded (Intubation Days)
  2. b P-values are determined from median regression for Mannitol, Amount, and Epi; Poisson regression for Intubation days, and Log-Normal regression for other continuous variables. Extubation group (IE + EE vs. DE) was used as the main predictor adjusting for age, weight, and length as covariates.NAs are due to limited sample size. P < 0.05 are in bold character