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Table 2 Composition of blood cardioplegia (crystalloid components)

From: Cardiac surgery in acute myocardial infarction: crystalloid versus blood cardioplegia – an experimental study

Components BuckbergConcentration (mmol/l)Components BretschneiderConcentration (mmol/l)
K+I: 17.5
II: 6.1
III: 7.4
KCl10
Na+I: 8.1
II: 8.4
III: 7.8
NaCl18
ClI: 22.3
II: 13.8
III: 14.2
MgSO44
Na+ glutamateI: 0
II: 0
III: 14.1
CaCl20.02
Na+ aspartateI: 0
II: 0
III: 13.9
Mannitol33
TrometamoleI: 8.7
II: 9.1
III: 13.3
Histidine180
Citric acid x H2OI: 0.9
II: 0.9
III: 3.5
Histidine HCl18
Na+ citrate x H2OI: 5.2
II: 5.5
III: 19.8
Tryptophan2
NaH2PO4 x 2H2OI: 0.9
II: 0.9
III: 3.6
Alpha-ketoglutarate1
Glucose x H2OI: 184.8
II: 193.9
III: 204.5
  
  1. Buckberg solution I was applied for cold induction, solution II for cold reinfusion, and solution III for the “hot shot”. For Bretschneider solution application, see text. The concentrations are given for the ready-to-use mixture of blood and cardioplegia (Buckberg: blood:cardioplegia 4:1)