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Table 1 Comparison of baseline characteristics of both groups

From: Transcatheter and intraoperative device closure of atrial septal defect in infants under three years of age

CharacteristicsGroup AGroup BP
Number of patients8898 
Male/female38/5045/530.708
Age (months)28.3 ± 6.6 (11–36)16.4 ± 8.0 (5–36)< 0.05
Weight (kg)12.9 ± 1.5 (9.5–16)9.7 ± 1.8 (5.9–14)< 0.05
ASD size (mm)9.1 ± 2.6 mm9.6 ± 2.7 mm0.233
Indications
 RV dilatation88 (100%)98 (100%)NS
 Failure to thrive28 (31.8%)39 (39.8%)0.286
 Frequent respiratory infections21 (23.9%)32 (32.7%)0.185
 Easy fatigue16 (18.2%)17 (17.3%)0.882
 Pulmonary hypertension5 (5.7%)10 (10.2%)0.258
 Strong parental request18 (20.5%)0 (0%)< 0.05
Multiples2 (2.3%)15 (15.3%)< 0.05
Deficient rims3 (3.4%)17 (17.3%)< 0.05
 Posterior rim15 
 Aortic and superior rim28 
 Inferior rim04 
Down syndrome3 (3.4%)5 (5.1%)0.57
Atrial septal aneurysm06 (6.1%)< 0.05
  1. A: transcatheter device closure, B: intraoperative device closure, ASD: atrial septal defect, NS: not significant. Continuous data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, and categorial variables are presented as number and percentage