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Table 2 Outcomes associated with early extubation and postoperative complications

From: Early extubation is associated with improved outcomes after complete surgical repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and hypoplastic pulmonary arteries in pediatric patients

  Early extubation (n = 14) Matched controls (n = 28) p value
Outcomes associated with UFTA
 LOIS 1.9 (1.4, 3.8) 4.1 (2.2, 10.9) 0.039
 Postoperative LOHS 9.0 (8.0, 15.3) 17.0 (12.3, 28.0) 0.007
 Medical costs (× 1000CNY) 69.5 (60.9, 144.8) 113.6 (94.8, 183.1) 0.041
Postoperative complications
 Re-intubation 2 (14.3) 4 (14.3) >0.999
 Re-exploration 0 (0) 2 (7.1) 0.545
 In-hospital mortality 0 (0) 1 (3.6) >0.999
 Lung complications 2 (14.3) 13 (46.4) 0.049
 Arrhythmia 0 (0) 2 (7.1) 0.545
 RRT 10 (71.4) 23 (88.5) 0.214
  1. NOTE. Non-normally distributed variables: medians with 25th to 75th percentile
  2. Abbreviations: CNY Chinese yuan, LOHS length of hospital stay, LOIS length of intensive care unit stay, RRT renal replacement therapy