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Table 3 Eligible studies on complications of peripheral cannulation (Perioperative data)

From: Peripheral vascular complications following totally endoscopic cardiac surgery

Author, date and topic Patient characteristics Outcome Result Comments
Yau [8] 2019
Ipsilateral limb ischaemia in femoral cannulation ECMO
154 patients from March 2011 to September 2016 underwent
femoral artery cannulation (n = 154)
Mortality
Leg ischaemia
59.7%
22%
Femoral cannulation ECMO associated with limb ischaemia
Greelish [13] 2003
Minimally invasive mitral valve repair
358 patients from August 1996 to May 2002 underwent
femoral artery cannulation (n = 128)
femoral vein cannulation (n = 224)
Mortality
Stroke
Aortic dissection
Artery injury
DVT
0%
1.9%
1.5%
1.4%
0.8%
Ten arterial and three venous complications
Saadat [14] 2016
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery
346 patients from September 2012 to September 2013 underwent
femoral artery cannulation (n = 72)
Mortality
Stroke
6.94%
1.39%
Focus on the safety of femoral cannulation in MICS
Murzi [15] 2017
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery
1632 patients from 2003 to 2015 underwent
femoral artery cannulation (n = 141)
Mortality
Stroke
Artery injury
0.7%
3.5%
1.4%
Retrograde perfusion associated with higher incidence of stroke in MICS
Bedeir [16] 2015
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery
384 patients from January 2004 to June 2012 underwent
femoral artery cannulation (n = 57)
Mortality
Stroke
0%
5.3%
Retrograde perfusion associated with higher incidence of stroke in MICS
Tarui [20] 2018
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery
162 patients from May 2014 to December 2016 underwent
femoral artery cannulation (n = 162)
Stroke
Aortic dissection
Artery injury
0%
0%
0%
Analysis of risk factors for leg ischaemia in peripheral cannulation MICS
Marasco [21] 2018
Novel bidirectional perfusion cannula
15 patients from August 2016 to May 2017 underwent
femoral artery cannulation (n = 15)
Mortality
Aortic dissection
Artery injury
Leg ischaemia
0%
0%
0%
0%
Novel bidirectional perfusion cannula can provide stable distal perfusion
Bisdas [24] 2011
Vascular complications in femoral cannulation for ECMO
174 patients from January 2005 to December 2009 underwent
venoarterial mode ECMO (n = 143) or
venovenous mode ECMO (n = 31)
-Mortality
-Vascular complications
61%
10%
Vascular complications after ECMO support are not associated with higher mortality rates
Kamiya [25] 2009
The site of cannulation for repair of ascending aortic dissection
242 patients from January 1988 to September 2007 underwent:
ascending aorta cannulation(n = 82)
femoral artery cannulation(n = 153)
Mortality
Stroke
23%
4.5%
The cannulation site should be chosen according to the patient’s pathology and status