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Table 1 General data, echocardiography, anesthesia

From: Cerebral microemboli in mini-sternotomy compared to mini- thoracotomy for aortic valve replacement: a cross sectional cohort study

  All (n = 52) MS (n = 25) MT (n = 27) p-value*
Age 66.6+/−12.1 60.8+/− 14.4 72+/−5.84 0.003
Gender     0.462
 Male 37 (71) 19 (76) 18 (67)  
 Female 15 (29) 6 (24) 9 (26)  
Height (cm) 170 ± 8.10 172 ± 8.3 168 ± 7.54 0.057
Weight (kg) 78.6 ± 14.1 85.2 ± 12.4 72.5 ± 12.9 0.002
BSA (m2) 1.90+/− 0.187 1.98+/− 0.167 1.83+/− 0.178 0.006
Hypertension,n (%) 41 (79) 16 (64) 25 (92,5) 0.013
Diabetes, n (%) 11 (21,1) 4 (16) 7 (25,9) 0.393
Creatinin (mg/dL)
baseline 84.1+/− 23.6 83.7+/−14.7 84.6+/−21 0.533
GFR, ml/min 76.5+/− 14.4 80+/− 14.7 73.2+/−13.6 0.036
Euroscore 1.19+/−0.742 1.12+/− 0.734 1.26+/− 0.757 0.350
Echocardiography
 AVA (cm2) 0.772+/−0.138 0.8+/−0.131 0.74+/− 0.139 0.083
 Mean gradient on 49+/−12.5 49.3+/− 12.5 48.6+/− 12.7 0.783
 Aortic valve (mmHg)     
 AVA index (cm2/m2) 0.408+/−0.0763 0.415+/− 0.0693 0.393+/− 0.0836 0.595
 Ejection fraction (%) 63.3+/−10.8 61.8+/−8.83 64.7+/− 12.4 0.271
 Velocity time integral 21.7+/−3.37 21.9+/−3.38 21.5+/−3.41 0.854
 VTI in LVOT (cm)     
Anesthesia
 MAP mmHg-baseline 99.5+/−17.1 104+/− 14 95.4+/− 18.8 0.124
 Fentanyl (mg) 0.522+/−0.227 0.548+/− 0.265 0.498+/− 0.187 0.777
 Propofol (mg) 115+/−45.2 132+/−50.58 98.889+/−33.205 0.012
 Rocuronium bromide (mg) 96.1+/−31.4 107.2+/− 37.807 85.741+/−19.54 0.028
 Remifentanyl (mg) 4.88+/−1.67 5.468+/−1.457 4.338+/− 1.691 0.014
 Propofol (gr) 1.36+/−0.521 1.487+/− 0.36 1.247+/− 0.620 0.004
  1. MT-Mini thoracotomy, MS-Mini sternotomy, ACE-R Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination Test, AVA aortic valve area, VTI- velocity time integral, LVOT left ventricular outflow tract, MAP mean arterial pressure.