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Table 5 Literature review

From: Surgery in congenital lung malformations: the evolution from thoracotomy to VATS, 10-year experience in a single center

Author Year Number of Patients Patient group Key results
Jung HS. et al. [24] 2014 113 (All patients underwent VATS; 4 patients were converted to open thoracotomy) Bronchogenic cyst The median operation time was 96.8 min (range, 15–320 min). There were no operative mortalities or major postoperative complications. VATS excision of bronchogenic cysts described as safe and feasible.
Guo et al. [25] 2016 99 (V:65, T:34) Bronchogenic cyst The VATS group had shorter operative time (108.77 ± 47.81 vs. 144.62 ± 55.16, P = 0.001), shorter hospital stay and drainage time (4.94 ± 2.01 vs. 8.64 ± 5.52 days, P = 0.001; 2.52 ± 1.29 vs. 3.71 ± 1.55 days, P < 0.001, respectively).
Wang et al. [26] 2018 119 (All patients underwent VATS; 1 patient was converted to open thoracotomy) Bronchogenic cyst Mean operative time was 103.8 ± 41.6 min (40–360 min). The intraoperative complication rate was 3.4%. VATS was described as safe and reliable for the management of MBCs
Liu et al. [27] 2013 42 (V:18, T:24) Pulmonary sequestration No significant differences were found between VATS and thoracotomy group in terms of the duration of operation, blood loss, amount of chest drainage, duration of chest drainage, length of postoperative hospital stay, and complications.
Sun X. et al. [28] 2014 69 (V:9, T:55) Pulmonary sequestration Length of postoperative hospital stay was shorter in VATS group both for ILS and ELS patients. (6.6 ± 1.5 vs 9.1 ± 3.2 days, P = 0.001) (7.2 ± 0.84 vs 9.2 ± 3.2 days, p = 0.002
Vu et al. [29] 2008 36 (V:12, T:24) CCAM Patients in the VATS group had significantly longer operative time (mean difference of 61.3 min; 95% confidence interval [CI], 30.5–92.1) but shorter postoperative hospital stay (mean difference of 5.7 days; 95% CI, 0.9–10.4) and duration of tube thoracostomy (mean difference of 2.6 days; 95% CI, 0.7–4.5)
Makhija Z. el al [30]. 2011 102 (V:70, T:21, Others:11*) Congenital cystic lung malformations There isn’t any comparison between VATS and thoracotomy in this study, but it was reported that pneumonia and bronchogenic cysts predictors of the need for a more extensive pulmonary resection.
Current study   94 (V:26, T:67, M: 1) Congenital lung malformations No significant differences between VATS and thoracotomy group in terms of mean postoperative length of hospital stay, drainage duration and perioperative complications (6.04 vs 5.74 days, p = 0.706) (5.38 vs 5.12 days, p = 0.717) (% 19.2 vs % 12.3, p = 0.343)
  1. V: VATS, T: Thoracotomy, M: Mediastinoscopy, MBC: Mediastinal bronchogenic cyst, CCAM: Congenital cystic adenoid malformation ILS: Intralober sequestration, ELC: Extralober sequestration
  2. *Sternotomy: 5, Mediastinoscopy: 4, laparoscopy: 1 and cervical: 1