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Fig. 1 | Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Fig. 1

From: The concept of broad exposure facilitates uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic mediastinal lymph nodes dissection

Fig. 1

Examples of exposure effect of right-sided mediastinal lymph node dissection. a The right upper lobe lung was pushed to the foot and dorsal side of the patient by the assistant with a sponge forceps for better exposure of the stations 2R and 4R lymph nodes. b The stations 2R and 4R lymph nodes and adipose tissue in the upper paratracheal area were removed after the azygos arch was completely naked. c In order to get a better exposure of the right-sided subcarinal lymph nodes, the right lower lobe lung was pushed towards the sternum by the assistant with a sponge forceps. d An example of the effect of the right-sided subcarinal lymph nodes exposure and the adjacent anatomical structure. The posterior mediastinal pleura was completely cut open, the lymph nodes were separated from the esophagus, right main bronchus, pericardium and left main bronchus

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