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Fig. 4 | Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Fig. 4

From: Effect of cannulation site on emboli travel during cardiac surgery

Fig. 4

Brain bubble volumes and non-brain bubble volumes were normalized to total injected bubble volumes, and expressed as ratios (μL/μL). Results are shown for all cannulation sites and all size categories of bubbles (small, S; medium, M; and large, L). Dotted black line represents a perfect split between brain region and non-brain region, which means 50% went to one part and the rest to the other one. A zoom for small and medium bubbles is also shown. Top: bubbles injection in the HLM circuit (ECC Bubbles), bottom: bubbles injection in front of heart model (Heart Bubbles). The outlier is shown with a red star (ECC generated L Bubbles; aortic cannulation; Brain bubble volume = 135.15 μL/μL, Non-brain bubble volume = − 52.48 μL/μL)

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