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Table 1 Summary of arterial pressure and flow distribution for the three cannulation sites. Total flow (QTotal) was measured at the ECC cannula, and the local flow rates were also reported as a percentage of this flow rate. QBrain: combined flow rate through carotid and vertebral arteries; QArms: combined flow rate through left and right arms; QLegs: combined flow rate from abdominal artery into left and right legs

From: Effect of cannulation site on emboli travel during cardiac surgery

  Pressure QTotal QBrain QArms QLegs
Cannulation [mmHg] [L/min] [L/min] [%] [L/min] [%] [L/min] [%]
Aortic 38.9 ± 1.9 4.01 ± 0.08 0.66 ± 0.04 16.5 0.94 ± 0.04 23.4 2.39 ± 0.09 59.6
Axillary 37.1 ± 3.4 4.01 ± 0.08 0.61 ± 0.06 15.2 0.22 ± 0.01 5.5 3.17 ± 0.10 79.1
Femoral 37.0 ± 2.3 4.05 ± 0.08 0.64 ± 0.04 15.8 1.10 ± 0.05 27.2 2.30 ± 0.08 56.8