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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Geometric changes in aortic root replacement using Freestyle prosthesis

Characteristics Value
No. of patients 32
Demographics
 Age (years) 64.6 ± 10.6
Gender
 Male 22 (68.7%)
 Female 10 (31.2%)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 26.89 ± 5.89
Body Surface Area (cm2) 1.98 ± 0.26
Clinical characteristics
 Arterial hypertension 30 (93.7%)
 Pulmonary hypertension 7 (21.9%)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 8 (25.0%)
NYHA classification
 I 12 (37.5%)
 II 7 (21.9%)
 III 10 (31.2%)
 IV 3 (9.4%)
Diabetes melltitus 8 (25.0%)
Hyperlipoproteinemia 19 (59.4%)
Chronic renal failure 12 (37.5%)
Peripheral vascular disease 5 (15.6%)
Cerebrovascular disease 8 (25.0%)
 Previous stroke 4 (12.5%)
Previous cardiac surgery 10 (31.2%)
 AVR 5 (15.6%)
 AVR with ascending aorta replacement 3 (9.4%)
 CABG 1 (3.1%)
 CABG, MVR 1 (3.1%)
Previous PCI 4 (12.5%)
Previous endocarditis 4 (12.5%)
EuroSCORE II (%) 7.24 (4.46–22.75)
Echocardiographic findings
 Left ventricular ejection fraction (%) 50 ± 13
Aortic insufficiency
 Mild 5 (15.6%)
 Moderate 7 (21.9%)
 Severe 8 (25.0%)
Aortic stenosis
 Mild 1 (3.1%)
 Moderate 2 (6.25%)
 Severe 12 (37.5%)
Biscuspid valve 9 (28.1%)
Mitral valve insufficiency 21 (65.6%)
Tricuspid valve insufficiency 14 (43.7%)
  1. AVR aortic valve replacement, CABG Coronary artery bypass grafting, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention