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Table 1 Demographics and characteristics of Patients, stratified by procedure

From: Left subclavian artery revascularization in thoracic endovascular aortic repair: single center’s clinical experiences from 171 patients

Variables Overall Unrevascularized (n = 28) Revascularized (n = 143) P1 value P2 value
CSB(n = 100) F-TEVAR(n = 43)
Age (years, Mean ± SD) 56.75 ± 12.08 61.20 ± 14.45 55.43 ± 11.86 58.40 ± 10.57 0.254 0.15
Gender (Male, N, %) 147, 86% 24, 85.7% 90, 90% 33, 76.7% 1 0.036*
BMI (Kg/m2, Mean ± SD) 25.58 ± 3.24 25.79 ± 2.79 25.68 ± 3.22 25.28 ± 3.52 0.763 0.523
HTN (N, %) 126, 73.7% 21, 75% 73, 72.0% 33, 76.7% 0.967 0.556
DM (N, %) 12, 7.0% 0, 0% 9, 9.0% 3, 7.0% 0.236 0.943
CAD (N, %) 5, 2.9% 1, 3.6% 2, 2.0% 2, 4.7% 1 0.742
Previous open cardiac surgery (N, %) 9, 5.3% 2, 7.1% 4, 4.0% 3, 7.0% 0.981 0.738
Stroke history (N, %) 13, 7.6% 3, 10.7% 9, 9.0% 1, 2.3% 0.772 0.281
Chronic bronchitis (N, %) 4, 2.3% 1, 3.6% 3, 3.0% 0, 0% 0.514 0.554
CKD (N, %) 12, 7.0% 2, 7.1% 4, 4.0% 6, 14.0% 1 0.075
ESRD (N, %) 8, 4.7% 1, 3.6% 3, 3.0% 4, 9.3% 1 0.238
Smoking (N, %) 51, 29.8% 6, 21.4% 32, 32% 13, 30.2% 0.288 0.835
Hospital days (days, median, IQR) 18 (14–23) 16 (12.25–21) 19 (14–22.75) 18 (14–26) 0.195 0.711
Urgency      0.005* 0.521
 Elective (> 24 h, N, %) 160, 93.6% 22, 78.6% 95, 95.0% 43, 100%   
 Urgent (4–24 h, N, %) 8, 4.7% 4, 14.3% 4, 4.0% 0, 0%   
 Emergent (< 4 h, N, %) 3, 1.8% 2, 7.1% 1, 1.0% 0, 0%   
Type of pathology (N, %)      0.084 0.607
 Dissection 145, 84.8% 24, 85.7% 84, 84.0% 37, 86.0%   
 Aneurysm 10, 5.8% 4, 14.3% 5, 5.0% 1, 2.3%   
 PAU 7, 4.1% 0, 0% 6, 6.0% 1, 2.3%   
 IMH 9, 5.3% 0 5, 5.0% 4, 9.3%   
  1. P1 value, unrevascularied versus revascularized
  2. P2 value, CSB versus F-TEVAR
  3. BMI, body mass index; HTN, hypertension; DM, diabetes mellitus; AF, atrial fibrillation; CAD, coronary artery disease; CKD, chronic kidney disease; ESRD, end-stage renal disease; PAU, penetrating aortic ulcers; IMH, intramural hematoma
  4. *Statistically significant values