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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate Cox regression for MACCE and death

From: Surgical and percutaneous revascularization outcomes based on SYNTAX I, II, and residual scores: a long-term follow-up study

Variables MACCE Death
Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis     
HR (CI 95%) P value HR (95%CI) P value HR (CI 95%) P value HR (95%CI) P value
HTN 1.416 (0.939–2.135) 0.097    1.591 (0.816–3.102) 0.173   
DM 1.272 (0.938–1.725) 0.121    1.574 (0.964–2.569) 0.070   
Smoke history 0.861 (0.640–1.160) 0.325    1.061 (0.771–1.460) 0.716   
SSI (each point)a 1.014 (0.998–1.030) 0.089    1.010 (0.985–1.036) 0.449   
rSS (each point)a 1.043 (1.018–1.067) 0.001 1.042 (1.017–1.067) 0.001 1.013 (0.973–1.055) 0.534   
Age (each point)a 1.010 (0.993–1.027) 0.243    1.022 (0.995–1.050) 0.110   
Three-vessel 1.119 (0.831–1.507) 0.460    1.117 (0.703–1.774) 0.640   
PAD 1.079 (0.662–1.757) 0.761    1.527 (0.783–2.978) 0.214   
COPD 0.299 (0.074–1.206) 0.090    0.047 (< 0.001–10.033) 0.264   
GFR (each point)a 0.992 (0.983–1.000) 0.060    0.984 (0.971–0.998) 0.025 0.987 (0.973–1.001) 0.029
LDL (each point)a 0.998 (0.994–1.001) 0.193    0.998 (0.992–1.003) 0.403   
EF (each point)a 0.973 (0.959–0.987) < 0.001 0.973 (0.960–0.987) < 0.001 0.972 (0.951–0.993) 0.010 0.972 (0.951–0.993) 0.009
Female sex 1.153 (0.855–1.554) 0.350    0.865 (0.538–1.389) 0.548   
Left-main 1.107 (0.734–1.669) 0.627    1.126 (0.592–2.140) 0.717   
  1. aVariables were analyzed continuously. COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, DM diabetes mellitus, GFR glomerular filtration rate, HTN hypertension, LDL low-density lipoprotein, MACCE major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, PAD peripheral artery disease, NA not available