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Table 3 Demographic and clinical characteristics of indwelling drain and non-indwelling drain

From: Single-port VATS combined with non-indwelling drain in ERAS: a retrospective study

Characteristics Indwelling drain Non-indwelling drain P
Sex (male/female) 17/13 14/12 0.832
Age (years, mean ± SD) 42.70 ± 11.98 39.46 ± 11.46 0.308
History of smoking (yes/no) 11/19 5/21 0.236
Type of operation    0.384
Lung wedge resection n (%) 19 (63.33) 20 (76.92)  
Mass resection n (%) 11 (36.67) 6 (23.08)  
  1. P < 0.05 is considered statistically significant