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Table 4 Intraoperative and postoperative parameters

From: Single-port VATS combined with non-indwelling drain in ERAS: a retrospective study

Parameters Indwelling drain Non-indwelling drain P
Operation time (min, mean ± SD) 57.67 ± 12.91 58.08 ± 14.08 0.910
Postoperative complications n(%) 3 (10) 2 (7.69) 1.000
Postoperative hospital stay (day, mean ± SD) 5.80 ± 1.63 3.15 ± 1.74 < 0.001
Pain score on the first day after operation 4.50 ± 1.55 3.54 ± 1.30 < 0.001
Pain score on the third day after operation 4.37 ± 1.13 2.81 ± 1.02 0.012
Pain score on one month after operation 1.37 ± 0.93 1.04 ± 0.72 0.143
  1. P < 0.05 is considered statistically significant