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Table 1 Characteristics of patients at baseline

From: The optimal duration of anti-tuberculous therapy before pericardiectomy in constrictive tuberculous pericarditis

Variables DATT ≤ 1.05 group (N = 24) DATT > 1.05 group (N = 69) P value
Gender    0.742
 Male 18 (75.0%) 54 (78.3%)  
 Female 6 (25.0%) 15 (21.7%)  
Age, years 64 (17–83) 58 (16–81) 0.563
ATT regimens    0.198
 HRZE 14 (58.3%) 50 (72.5%)  
 Other 10 (41.7%) 19 (27.5%)  
Preoperative NYHA functional class    0.396
 I 1 (4.2%) 6 (8.7%)  
 II 5 (20.8%) 24 (34.8%)  
 III 17 (70.8%) 35 (50.7%)  
 IV 1 (4.2%) 4 (5.8%)  
Hypertension 2 (8.3%) 12 (17.4%) 0.461
Diabetes 3 (12.5%) 3 (4.3%) 0.359
Atrial fibrillation 4 (16.7%) 11 (15.9%) 1.000
HIV infection 0 (0%) 0 (0%) /
BMI, kg/m2 19.7 (14.9–26.6) 21.1 (16.3–33.1) 0.057
Preoperative CVP, cmH2O 30.0 (16.0–42.0) 26.0 (15.5–40.0) 0.278
Pleural effusion 24 (100.0%) 63 (91.3%) 0.312
Ascites 15 (62.5%) 35 (50.7%) 0.319
Pericardial effusion 17 (70.8%) 55 (79.7%) 0.370
Pericardial calcification 5 (20.8%) 17 (24.6%) 0.706
Pericardial thickness, mm 10.9 (5.0–18.9) 10.0 (3.4–18.9) 0.148
LVEF, % 60.9 (51.9–78.0) 57.6 (39.9–74.0) 0.147
Hemoglobin, g/dL 123 (94–151) 122 (90–167) 0.772
CRP, mg/L 19.6 (1.5–99.1) 16.3 (0.8–78.0) 0.206
ESR, mm/h 36.5 (7.0–89.0) 16.5 (2.0–105.0) 0.008
Albumin, g/L 31.7 (24.8–41.7) 33.0 (20.3–48.8) 0.566
Total bilirubin, μmol/L 14.6 (6.4–66.7) 18.8 (3.1–59.2) 0.481
Direct bilirubin, μmol/L 8.8 (3.2–36.4) 11.3 (1.8–50.3) 0.329
Serum creatinine, μmol/L 85.1 (62.8–116.1) 81.2 (44.5–120.6) 0.137
Preoperative BNP, pg/mL 165 (21–961) 169 (21–786) 0.575
  1. Values presented as N (percentage) for categorical variables and median (range) for continuous variables
  2. DATT the duration of anti-tuberculous therapy before pericardiectomy (months), HRZE isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol, NYHA New York Heart Association, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, BMI body mass index, CVP central venous pressure, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction (measured on echocardiogram), CRP C-reactive protein, ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate, BNP brain natriuretic peptide