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Table 3 Comparison of percent PhD among cardiac versus general thoracic surgeons when comparing organizational type

From: Program characteristics of cardiothoracic surgery departments versus divisions

Statistics Department Division
% PhD among cardiac surgeons % PhD among thoracic surgeons % PhD among cardiac surgeons % PhD among thoracic surgeons
Mean 5.8 6.1 6.3 2.7
SD 6.6 11 9.1 5.4
Female (mean %) 22.7 0 0 20