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  1. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is often used to treat patients with significant coronary heart disease (CHD). To date, multiple longitudinal and cross-sectional studies have examined the association be...

    Authors: Tam K Dao, Nagy A Youssef, Raja R Gopaldas, Danny Chu, Faisal Bakaeen, Emily Wear and Deleene Menefee

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:36

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Aortic anomaly in which a right-sided aortic arch associated with Kommerell's diverticulum and aberrant left subclavian artery is rare. The present report describes a patient with type-B aortic dissection acco...

    Authors: Yukio Obitsu, Nobusato Koizumi, Toru Iwahashi, Naozumi Saiki and Hiroshi Shigematsu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:35

    Content type: Case report

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  3. High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) energy has evolved as a new surgical tool to treat atrial fibrillation (AF). We evaluated safety and efficacy of AF ablation with HIFU and analyzed predictors of succes...

    Authors: Simon Schopka, Christof Schmid, Andreas Keyser, Ariane Kortner, Julia Tafelmeier, Claudius Diez, Leopold Rupprecht and Michael Hilker

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:34

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Chronic hypoxia induces pulmonary hypertension in mice. Smooth muscle cell hyperplasia and medial thickening characterize the vasculature of these animals. Thrombospondin-1 null (TSP-1-/-) mice spontaneously deve...

    Authors: Cristhiaan D Ochoa, Lunyin Yu, Essam Al-Ansari, Charles A Hales and Deborah A Quinn

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:32

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Although off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery has many beneficial effects compared with on-pump surgery, switch to on-pump surgery has significantly higher risks of operative mortality. Benefits of ...

    Authors: Kaan Kaya, Raif Cavolli, Alpaslan Telli, Mehmet Fazil Tolga Soyal, Alp Aslan, Gökhan Gokaslan, Şahin Mursel and Refik Tasoz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:31

    Content type: Research article

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  6. We describe a case of a patient assisted by extracorporeal life support, in which we obtained the dynamic filling index, a measure for venous volume during extracorporeal life support, and used this index to a...

    Authors: Antoine P Simons, Marcus D Lancé, Koen D Reesink, Frederik H van der Veen, Patrick W Weerwind and Jos G Maessen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:30

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Preoperative left ventricular dysfunction is an established risk factor for early and late mortality after revascularization. This retrospective analysis demonstrates the effects of preoperative ejection fract...

    Authors: Mohamed A Soliman Hamad, Albert HM van Straten, Jacques PAM Schönberger, Joost F ter Woorst, Andre M de Wolf, Elisabeth J Martens and André AJ van Zundert

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:29

    Content type: Research article

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  8. We herein present a 60 years old woman with Takayasu arteritis and an extensive thoracic aortic aneurysm who initially underwent a total aortic arch replacement. Then, in the second stage, thoracic endovascula...

    Authors: Yukio Obitsu, Nobusato Koizumi, Naozumi Saiki, Satoshi Kawaguchi and Hiroshi Shigematsu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:28

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Malignant pleural effusion is a common sequelae in patients with certain malignancies. It represents a terminal condition with short median survival (in terms of months) and the goal is palliation. Aim of our ...

    Authors: Nikolaos Barbetakis, Christos Asteriou, Fani Papadopoulou, Georgios Samanidis, Dimitrios Paliouras, Athanassios Kleontas, Konstantina Lyriti, Ioannis Katsikas and Christodoulos Tsilikas

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:27

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The objectives of this study were to determine the risk factors for relative adrenal insufficiency in cardiopulmonary bypass patients and the impact on postoperative vasopressor requirements.

    Authors: José L Iribarren, Juan J Jiménez, Domingo Hernández, Lisset Lorenzo, Maitane Brouard, Antonio Milena, María L Mora and Rafael Martínez

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:26

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Despite the advantages of bilateral mammary coronary revascularization, many surgeons are still restricting this technique to the young patients. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the safety and po...

    Authors: Wael Hassanein, Yasser Y Hegazy, Alexander Albert, Ina C Ennker, Ulrich Rosendahl, Stefan Bauer and Juergen Ennker

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:25

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We present an interesting case of a 53-year-old man with a non-patent ductus arteriosus erroneously diagnosed as acute thoracic aorta transection after a car accident. The aortography revealed a "rupture" of t...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Christina Kalogeropoulou, Efstratios Koletsis, Ioanna Koniari, Dimitrios Karnabatidis and Menelaos Karanikolas

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:24

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Myxomatous mitral regurgitation (type II Carpentier's functional classification) affects about 1-2% of the population. This represents a very common indication for valve surgery resulting in a low percentage o...

    Authors: Federico Bizzarri, Antonella Tudisco, Massimo Ricci, David Rose and Giacomo Frati

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:22

    Content type: Review

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  14. Tube thoracostomy (TT) is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in thoracic surgery clinics. The procedure might have to be repeated due to ineffective drainage in patients with tube malposition (TM),...

    Authors: Koray Dural, Gultekin Gulbahar, Bulent Kocer and Unal Sakinci

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:21

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The early and intermediate outcome of patients requiring intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) was studied in a cohort of 2697 adult cardiac surgical patients.

    Authors: Haralabos Parissis, Michael Leotsinidis, Mohammad Tauqeer Akbar, Efstratios Apostolakis and Dimitrios Dougenis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:20

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Occurrence of bioprosthetic valve thrombosis less than a year after replacement is very uncommon. Here, we describe a case of a 57 year old male, who presented 10 months after receiving a bioprosthetic mitral ...

    Authors: Omar Saeed, Byron R Williams Jr, Melvin Ku and Omar M Lattouf

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:18

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Preoperative medication by inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in coronary artery patients predisposes to vasoplegic shock early after coronary artery bypass grafting. Although in the majority of...

    Authors: Georgios Papadopoulos, Eleni Sintou, Stavros Siminelakis, Efstratios Koletsis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis and Efstratios Apostolakis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:17

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Blau syndrome is a rare granulomatous disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant manner characterized by the early appearance of granulomatous arthritis, skin rash and anterior uveitis. There are very few dat...

    Authors: Faisal Mourad and Augustine Tang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:16

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  19. Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by total or partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage of the right lung to the inferior vena cava. We present a seven year old girl with a systoli...

    Authors: Julia Nuebel, Katarzyna Januszewska, Markus Loeff, Daniel Theisen, Edward Malec and Robert Dalla-Pozza

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:15

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Stroke is a devastating complication after coronary artery bypass grafting, occurring in 1.4% to 4.3% of patients. A major cause of stroke is cerebral embolization of aortic atheromatous debris or calcified pl...

    Authors: Michael Hilker, Mathias Arlt, Andreas Keyser, Simon Schopka, Alexander Klose, Claudius Diez and Christof Schmid

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:14

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Libman-Sacks endocarditis of the mitral valve was first described by Libman and Sacks in 1924. Currently, the sterile verrucous vegetative lesions seen in Libman-Sacks endocarditis are regarded as a cardiac ma...

    Authors: Wobbe Bouma, Theo J Klinkenberg, Iwan CC van der Horst, Inez J Wijdh-den Hamer, Michiel E Erasmus, Marc Bijl, Albert JH Suurmeijer, Felix Zijlstra and Massimo A Mariani

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:13

    Content type: Review

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  22. We report a case of a male patient who received an implantation of a Starr-Edwards-caged-ball-valve-prosthesis in 1967. The surgery and postoperative course were without complications and the patient recovered...

    Authors: Jan D Schmitto, Philipp Ortmann, Aron F Popov, Kasim O Coskun, Hanna Schotola, Martin Friedrich, Christoph H Wiese, Christian Sohns, Suyog A Mokashi, Vassilios N Didilis and Friedrich A Schoendube

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:12

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Chylous cardiac tamponade is a rare condition with little known cause.

    Authors: Nikolaos Barbetakis, Christos Asteriou, Dimitrios Konstantinou, Dimitrios Giannoglou, Christodoulos Tsilikas and Georgios Giannoglou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:11

    Content type: Case report

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  24. A surgical fire is a serious complication not previously described in the literature with regard to the thoracic cavity. We report a case in which an intrathoracic fire developed following an air leak combined...

    Authors: Martin Friedrich, Theodor Tirilomis, Jan D Schmitto, Aron F Popov, Suyog A Mokashi, Marc Hinterthaner, Gunnar G Hanekop, Paul Zwaka and Friedrich A Schoendube

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:10

    Content type: Case report

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  25. This the case of a 63 year-old man with end-stage renal disease (on chronic hemodialysis), unstable angina and significantly impaired myocardial contractility with low left ventricular ejection fraction, who u...

    Authors: Georgios Papadopoulos, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Petros Tzimas, Stavros N Siminelakis and Menelaos Karanikolas

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:9

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  26. Statins are widely prescribed to patients with atherosclerosis. A retrospective database analysis was used to examine the role of preoperative statin use in hospital mortality, for patients undergoing isolated...

    Authors: James A Magovern, Robert J Moraca, Stephen H Bailey, David A Dean, Kathleen A Simpson, Thomas D Maher, Daniel H Benckart and George J Magovern Jr

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:8

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Cardiac surgery is a major consumer of blood products, and hemodilution increases transfusion requirements during cardiac surgery under CPB. As intraoperative parenteral fluids contribute to hemodilution, we e...

    Authors: George Vretzakis, Athina Kleitsaki, Konstantinos Stamoulis, Metaxia Bareka, Stavroula Georgopoulou, Menelaos Karanikolas and Athanasios Giannoukas

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Patient's myocardium with post-infarction ventricular septum defect (VSD) is characterized by severe dysfunction. The "additive ischemia" caused by the operating process of cross-clamp ischemia and reperfusion...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Antonios Kallikourdis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Panagiotis Dedeilias and Dimitrios Dougenis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supplies systemic blood perfusion and gas exchange in patients with cardiopulmonary failure. The current literature lacks of papers reporting the possible risks of mi...

    Authors: Paolo Zanatta, Alessandro Forti, Enrico Bosco, Loris Salvador, Maurizio Borsato, Fabrizio Baldanzi, Carolina Longo, Carlo Sorbara, Pierluigi longatti and Carlo Valfrè

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:5

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Acute type A aortic dissection can be complicated by visceral malperfusion and is associated with a significant surgical morbidity and mortality. We describe a case of successful management of a complex acute ...

    Authors: Amna Suliman, Michael Dialynas, Hutan Ashrafian, Colin Bicknell, Maziar Mireskandari, Mohamad Hamady and Thanos Athanasiou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:4

    Content type: Case report

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  31. After coronary artery bypass grafting ischemia/reperfusion injury inducing cardiomyocyte apoptosis may occur. This surgery-related inflammatory reaction appears to be of extreme complexity with regard to its m...

    Authors: Engin Usta, Mirijam Renovanz, Migdat Mustafi, Gerhard Ziemer and Hermann Aebert

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Management of benign tracheal stenosis (BTS) varies with the type and extent of the disease and influenced by the patient's age and general health status, hence we sought to investigate the long-term outcome o...

    Authors: Nader Abdel Rahman, Oren Fruchter, David Shitrit, Benjamin D Fox and Mordechai R Kramer

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  33. During open heart surgery the influence of a series of factors such as cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), hypothermia, operation and anaesthesia, as well as medication and transfusion can cause a diffuse trauma in ...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Efstratios N Koletsis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Stavros N Siminelakis and Georgios S Papadopoulos

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2010 5:1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  34. A gastro-tracheal fistula following esophagectomy for cancer is a rare but potentially lethal complication. We report the successful surgical closure after failed endoscopic treatment, of a gastro-tracheal fis...

    Authors: Jane E Nardella, Dirk Van Raemdonck, Hubert Piessevaux, Pierre Deprez, Raphaël Droissart, Jean-Pierre Staudt, David Heuker and Etienne van Vyve

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:69

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Schwannoma originating from the vagus nerve within the mediastinum is a rare, usually benign tumor. A 44-year old male was presented with chest pain. Chest radiography, CT scan and MRI showed a well circumscri...

    Authors: Kyriakos St Rammos, Stylianos K Rammos, Christophoros N Foroulis and Thomas K Zaramboukas

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:68

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD) is defined as the inability of the ventricle to fill to a normal end-diastolic volume, both during exercise as well as at rest, while left atrial pressure does not e...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Haralabos Parissis, Stavros N Siminelakis and Georgios S Papadopoulos

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:67

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  37. In aortic replacement procedures the aortic wall and Teflon strips form a double layer, with the use of continuous sutures. Surgical glues may or may not be used to enhance the durability of the anastomoses. I...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Vassilios N Leivaditis and Constantinos Anagnostopoulos

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:66

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Retroperitoneal fibrosis is best described as a chronic inflammatory process which may be idiopathic, but can rarely be brought about by medications, such as pergolide, used for treating Parkinson's disease. P...

    Authors: Efstratios E Apostolakis, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Dimitrios Tselikos, Ioanna Koniari, Christos Prokakis, Eleftherios Fokaeas and Menelaos Karanikolas

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:65

    Content type: Case report

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  39. During mitral valve surgery right pulmonary veins injury, subsequent to excessive traction (for better exposure of the mitral apparatus), is often unavoidable. This is more likely in patients with small left a...

    Authors: Efstratios Apostolakis, Vassilios N Leivaditis, Antonios Kallikourdis and Panagiotis Dedeilias

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:64

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. Spontaneous pneumothoraces are believed to arise when air from the supplying airway exit via a ruptured visceral pleural bleb into the pleural cavity. Endobronchial one-way valves (EBVs) allow air exit (but no...

    Authors: Wai Cho Yu, Yiu Cheong Yeung, Yiu Chang, Yuet Ling Tsang, Kwok Chu Kwong, Hau Chung Kwok and YC Gary Lee

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:63

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Previous studies on the effects of Statins in preventing atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery have shown conflicting results. Whether statins prevent AF in patients treated with postoperative beta bl...

    Authors: Salima Mithani, Muhammad S Akbar, Deborah J Johnson, Michael Kuskowski, Katherine K Apple, Jana Bonawitz-Conlin, Herbert B Ward, Rosemary F Kelly, Edward O McFalls, Hanna E Bloomfield, Jian-Ming Li and Selcuk Adabag

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:61

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The aim of this study is evaluate the efficacy of TachoSil® patches in controlling suture-hole bleeding after elective infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) replacement with Dacron graft.

    Authors: Guido Bajardi, Felice Pecoraro and Domenico Mirabella

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:60

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) constitute a family of zinc-dependent proteases (endopeptidases) whose catalytic action is the degradation of the extracellular matrix components. In addition, they play the ma...

    Authors: Georgios T Karapanagiotidis, Polychronis Antonitsis, Nicholas Charokopos, Christophoros N Foroulis, Kyriakos Anastasiadis, Efthymia Rouska, Helena Argiriadou, Kyriakos Rammos and Christos Papakonstantinou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:59

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Most coronary artery anomalies are congenital in origin. This study angiographically determined the prevalence of different forms of anomalous aortic origins of coronary anomalies and their anatomic variation ...

    Authors: Ali H Eid, Ziad Itani, Mohammad Al-Tannir, Said Sayegh and Ali Samaha

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:58

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Abrikossoff tumors are a rare tumor entity. The complication of a hemothorax has not been described in the literature so far. A 24-year-old patient presented with repeated hemoptysis and right thoracic pain. T...

    Authors: Philipp Honigmann, Alexander Walz, Christian Bussmann and Bruno Lerf

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:57

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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