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  1. Deep sternal infections, also known as poststernotomy mediastinitis, are a rare but often fatal complication in cardiac surgery. They are a cause of increased morbidity and mortality and have a significant soc...

    Authors: Ina C Ennker, Anita Malkoc, Detlef Pietrowski, Peter M Vogt, Juergen Ennker and Alexander Albert

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:5

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Complications of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with mechanical defects are associated with poor prognosis. Surgical intervention is indicated for a majority of these patients. The goal of surgical interven...

    Authors: Kasim Oguz Coskun, Sinan Tolga Coskun, Aron Frederik Popov, Jose Hinz, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Kerstin Bockhorst, Kathrin Monika Stich and Reiner Koerfer

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:3

    Content type: Research article

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  3. We report an unusual case of an aortic type A dissection with a corpus alienum which compresses the right ventricle. The patient successfully underwent an aortic root replacement in deep hypothermia with re-im...

    Authors: Aron Frederik Popov, Mersa Mohammed Baryalei, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Jose Hinz, Christoph Hermann Wiese, Björn Raab, Philipp Kolat, Friedrich Albert Schoendube and Ralf Seipelt

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009 4:1

    Content type: Case report

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  4. We describe an exceptional case of non-fatal septic rupture of the ascending aorta in a patient with sternal dehiscence, deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) and pleural empyema after aortocoronary bypass surge...

    Authors: Christof M Sommer, Tobias Heye, Ulrike Stampfl, Ursula Tochtermann, Boris A Radeleff, Hans U Kauczor and Goetz M Richter

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:64

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Diabetes mellitus has become a major health issue in the United States and contributes to morbidity and mortality from coronary artery disease. Despite lifestyle changes and medications that have been shown to...

    Authors: Milo Engoren, Robert H Habib, Anoar Zacharias, Thomas A Schwann, Christopher J Riordan, Samuel J Durham and Aamir Shah

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:63

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The valved conduit Contegra (bovine jugular vein) has being implanted for more than 7 years in the right ventricular outflow tract and it is noted that the available reports have been mixed. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Aristotle D Protopapas and Thanos Athanasiou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:62

    Content type: Review

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  7. A 48 year old man was transferred to our department with cardiogenic shock, pyrexia, a high white cell count and significant serum troponin T level. Clinical evaluation revealed severe mitral regurgitation sec...

    Authors: Federico Bizzarri, Consalvo Mattia, Massimo Ricci, Flaminia Coluzzi, Vincenzo Petrozza, Giacomo Frati, Giuseppe Pugliese and Luigi Muzzi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:61

    Content type: Case report

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  8. The objective of this case series is to review our experience with spontaneous pneumomediastinum, review the available literature, and refine the current clinical approach to this uncommon condition.

    Authors: Faisal Al-Mufarrej, Jehangir Badar, Farid Gharagozloo, Barbara Tempesta, Eric Strother and Marc Margolis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:59

    Content type: Research article

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  9. We examined the hypothesis that higher cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) during RCP is correlated with urinary output.

    Authors: Takashi Miyamoto, Kagami Miyaji, Hirotsugu Okamoto, Satoshi Kohira, Takahiro Tomoyasu, Nobuyuki Inoue and Kuniyoshi Ohara

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:58

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Re-expansion pulmonary edema (RPE) is an acute, rare and potentially lethal complication [1,2]. Its beginning is sudden and dramatic. The mechanism is not yet fully understood [1]. Some authors suggest that it...

    Authors: Orhan Yucel, Zeki Ilker Kunak, Enis Macit, Armagan Gunal, Alper Gozubuyuk, Husamettin Gul and Onur Genc

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:57

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Trans-cervical resection of posterior mediastinal goiters is usually very difficult, requiring a high thoracotomy. Until recently, using conventional video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery to resect such tumors ...

    Authors: Faisal Al-Mufarrej, Marc Margolis, Barbara Tempesta, Eric Strother and Farid Gharagozloo

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:55

    Content type: Case report

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  12. We sought to evaluate the geometric changes of the mitral leaflets, local and global LV remodeling in patients with left ventricular dysfunction and varying degrees of Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR).

    Authors: Anita Sadeghpour, Firoozeh Abtahi, Majid Kiavar, Maryam Esmaeilzadeh, Niloofar Samiei, Seyedeh Zahra Ojaghi, Hooman Bakhshandeh, Majid Maleki, Feridoun Noohi and Ahmad Mohebbi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:54

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Inflammatory pseudotumors are quasineoplastic lesions that occur in the lungs as well as other extrapulmonary sites. The heart is an uncommon site of origin. We report a valvular pseudotumor that produced chro...

    Authors: Pradeep Vaideeswar, Anil M. Patwardhan and Pragati A. Sathe

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:53

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Given the growing population of cardiac surgery patients with impaired preoperative cardiac function and rapidly expanding surgical techniques, continued efforts to improve myocardial protection strategies are...

    Authors: Fellery de Lange, Kenji Yoshitani, Mihai V Podgoreanu, Hilary P Grocott and G Burkhard Mackensen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:51

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy (VATS) is an established minimally invasive procedure for thoracic sympathetic blockade in patients with hyperhidrosis, facial flushing and intractable angina. Variou...

    Authors: Sridhar Rathinam, Prakash Nanjaiah, Sivakumar Sivalingam and Pala B Rajesh

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:50

    Content type: Research article

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  16. We report a rare case of a limited chronic dissection of the ascending aorta that was accidentally discovered at operation performed for severe aortic stenosis and moderate to severe dilatation of the ascendin...

    Authors: Andrea Venturini, Giampaolo Zoffoli, Domenico Mangino, Raimondo Ascione, Alberto Terrini, Angiolino Asta, Gianni Angelini and Elvio Polesel

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:49

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Postoperative pulmonary and shoulder complications are important causes of postoperative morbidity following thoracotomy. While physiotherapy aims to prevent or minimise these complications, currently there ar...

    Authors: Julie C Reeve, Kristine Nicol, Kathy Stiller, Kathryn M McPherson and Linda Denehy

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:48

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Currently there are no direct estimates of mortality reduction afforded by coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) that take into account the deaths among patients for whom coronary revascularization was indica...

    Authors: Boris G Sobolev, Guy Fradet, Robert Hayden, Lisa Kuramoto, Adrian R Levy and Mark J FitzGerald

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:47

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Right-sided infective endocarditis is uncommon. This is primarily seen in patients with intravenous drug use, pacemaker or central venous lines, or congenital heart disease. The vast majority of cases involve ...

    Authors: Katsufumi Nishida, Osamu Fukuyama and Dean S Nakamura

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:46

    Content type: Case report

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  20. In our study we compared the Ringer solution, which is the standard prime solution of our department, with the HES (Hydroxyethyl starch) 130-0.4 solution, which can be a potential alternative prime solution wi...

    Authors: Osman Tiryakioğlu, Gürdeniz Yıldız, Hakan Vural, Tugrul Goncu, Ahmet Ozyazıcıoglu and Şenol Yavuz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:45

    Content type: Research article

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  21. We report a 72 year-old man with dysphagia and dizziness. Aortography and Computed tomographic scans revealed the aberrant right subclavian artery arising from a calcified aneurysm of the Kommerell's diverticu...

    Authors: Jose Rubio J Alvarez, Sierra JL Quiroga, Adrio B Nazar, Martinez JM Comendador and Garcia J Carro

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:43

    Content type: Case report

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  22. To review the literature and assess the cumulative data on the Nuss operation in children on its twenty years' anniversary: The Nuss procedure corrects the pectus excavatum by minimal access semi-permanent ins...

    Authors: Aristotle D Protopapas and Thanos Athanasiou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:40

    Content type: Review

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  23. We present the case of a 20-year-old male who underwent successful surgical correction of pectus excavatum with the Highly Modified Ravitch Repair (HMRR). At 29 months the attempted operative removal of the Ra...

    Authors: Ramon Tahmassebi, Hutan Ashrafian, Caner Salih, Ranjit P Deshpande, Thanos Athanasiou and Julian E Dussek

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:39

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with aortic cross-clamping and cardioplegic arrest remains the method of choice for patients requiring standard myocardial revascularization. Therefore, very high-risk patients pre...

    Authors: Enrico Ferrari, Nicolas Stalder and Ludwig K von Segesser

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:38

    Content type: Research article

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  25. We present the case of successful resection of a giant aneurysm of the LAD presenting with recurrent severe haemoptysis in a 72-year old man. He was admitted to a regional hospital with fever, recurrent bloody...

    Authors: Opoku-Ware Mensah, Philip AR Hayward, Michael Koeppe and Christof Huth

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:36

    Content type: Case report

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  26. The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate the role in the onset of surgical site infections of bilateral internal thoracic arteries harvesting in patients with decompensated preoperative glycemia.

    Authors: Marco Agrifoglio, Matteo Trezzi, Fabio Barili, Luca Dainese, Faisal H Cheema, Veli K Topkara, Chiara Ghislandi, Alessandro Parolari, Gianluca Polvani, Francesco Alamanni and Paolo Biglioli

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:35

    Content type: Research article

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  27. We report the case of a patient who underwent a redo surgery for a leaflet escape from a Bjork-Shiley tilting disc mitral prosthesis inserted 18 years previously. The escaped disc remained lodged in the thorac...

    Authors: Mohan P Devbhandari, Edwin BC Woo and Timothy L Hooper

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:34

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital anomaly. The usual clinical course is severe left sided heart failure and mitral valve insufficiency present...

    Authors: Thomas Kristensen, Klaus Fuglsang Kofoed, Steffen Helqvist, Morten Helvind and Lars Søndergaard

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:33

    Content type: Case report

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  29. A 66 year old woman presented in extremis with symptoms and clinical and radiological signs of simultaneous obstruction of superior vena cava and middle lobe of right lung secondary to compression by a massive...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul, Kalyana Javangula and Shahme A Farook

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:32

    Content type: Case report

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  30. In order to achieve a safe and persistent angiogenic effect, we investigated the potential of bone marrow cells implantation to enhance angiogenesis of ischemic hearts in a rat model, and also we have investig...

    Authors: Yahya Unlu and Sami Karapolat

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:30

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Delayed development of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is a rare late complication of mitral valve prosthesis and requires early surgical intervention. Here we describe the occurrence of such a complication di...

    Authors: Narayanan Namboodiri, Santosh K. Dora, Bejoy Thomas and Manoranjan Misra

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:28

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The use of cardiopulmonary bypass as an adjunct to airway surgery for non-malignant diseases in adults is not well established in the UK. We are reporting two cases which demonstrate the additional benefits of...

    Authors: Hussamuddin Adwan, Christopher H. Wigfield, Stephen Clark and Sion Barnard

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:27

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Although orthotopic heart transplantation has been an effective treatment for end-stage heart failure, the incidence of allograft failure has increased, necessitating treatment options. Cardiac retransplantati...

    Authors: Pavan Atluri, William Hiesinger, Robert C Gorman, Alberto Pochettino, Mariell Jessup, Michael A Acker, Rohinton J Morris and Y Joseph Woo

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:26

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of excitation foci inside pulmonary veins (PV) generates stenoses that can become quite severe during or after the follow-up period. Since severe PV stenoses have most often di...

    Authors: Pierre-André Doriot, Pierre-André Dorsaz and Dipen Chandrakant Shah

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:24

    Content type: Research article

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  35. This article details a case report of a traumatic aortic arch false aneurysm after blunt chest trauma. Thoracic aorta false aneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of aortic surgery, infection, ...

    Authors: Federico Bizzarri, Consalvo Mattia, Massimo Ricci, Ilaria Chirichilli, Chiara Santo, David Rose, Luigi Muzzi, Giuseppe Pugliese, Giacomo Frati, Patrizio Sartini, Riccardo Ferrari, Carlo Della Rocca and Andrea Laghi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:23

    Content type: Case study

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  36. Torsion of remaining lobes after pulmonary resection is a potentially serious complication with high reported morbidity and mortality. A range of additional procedures has been described, we have used a simple...

    Authors: Manoj Purohit and Joseph Zacharias

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:22

    Content type: Review

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  37. Cardiac surgery is increasingly required in octogenarians. These patients frequently present atrial fibrillation (AF), a significant factor for stroke and premature death. During the last decade, AF ablation h...

    Authors: Herko Grubitzsch, Sven Beholz, Pascal M Dohmen, Simon Dushe and Wolfgang Konertz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:21

    Content type: Research article

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  38. More than 50% of aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts are occluded 10 years after surgery. Intimal hyperplasia is the initial critical step in the progression toward occlusion. Internal mammary veins, which are...

    Authors: Aron Frederik Popov, Hilmar Dorge, Jose Hinz, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Tomislav Stojanovic, Ralf Seipelt, Vassilios Didilis and Friedrich Albert Schoendube

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:20

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Atrial myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumors. They are usually small or moderate in size by the time of the diagnosis, exhibiting non specific cardiac or systemic symptoms, and are most frequently...

    Authors: Mattheos Panagiotou, Nikolaos D Panagopoulos, Panagiota Ravazoula, Loukas Kaklamanis and Efstratios N Koletsis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:19

    Content type: Case report

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