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  1. We report a 72 year-old man with dysphagia and dizziness. Aortography and Computed tomographic scans revealed the aberrant right subclavian artery arising from a calcified aneurysm of the Kommerell's diverticu...

    Authors: Jose Rubio J Alvarez, Sierra JL Quiroga, Adrio B Nazar, Martinez JM Comendador and Garcia J Carro

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:43

    Content type: Case report

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  2. To review the literature and assess the cumulative data on the Nuss operation in children on its twenty years' anniversary: The Nuss procedure corrects the pectus excavatum by minimal access semi-permanent ins...

    Authors: Aristotle D Protopapas and Thanos Athanasiou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:40

    Content type: Review

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  3. We present the case of a 20-year-old male who underwent successful surgical correction of pectus excavatum with the Highly Modified Ravitch Repair (HMRR). At 29 months the attempted operative removal of the Ra...

    Authors: Ramon Tahmassebi, Hutan Ashrafian, Caner Salih, Ranjit P Deshpande, Thanos Athanasiou and Julian E Dussek

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:39

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with aortic cross-clamping and cardioplegic arrest remains the method of choice for patients requiring standard myocardial revascularization. Therefore, very high-risk patients pre...

    Authors: Enrico Ferrari, Nicolas Stalder and Ludwig K von Segesser

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:38

    Content type: Research article

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  5. We present the case of successful resection of a giant aneurysm of the LAD presenting with recurrent severe haemoptysis in a 72-year old man. He was admitted to a regional hospital with fever, recurrent bloody...

    Authors: Opoku-Ware Mensah, Philip AR Hayward, Michael Koeppe and Christof Huth

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:36

    Content type: Case report

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  6. The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate the role in the onset of surgical site infections of bilateral internal thoracic arteries harvesting in patients with decompensated preoperative glycemia.

    Authors: Marco Agrifoglio, Matteo Trezzi, Fabio Barili, Luca Dainese, Faisal H Cheema, Veli K Topkara, Chiara Ghislandi, Alessandro Parolari, Gianluca Polvani, Francesco Alamanni and Paolo Biglioli

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:35

    Content type: Research article

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  7. We report the case of a patient who underwent a redo surgery for a leaflet escape from a Bjork-Shiley tilting disc mitral prosthesis inserted 18 years previously. The escaped disc remained lodged in the thorac...

    Authors: Mohan P Devbhandari, Edwin BC Woo and Timothy L Hooper

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:34

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital anomaly. The usual clinical course is severe left sided heart failure and mitral valve insufficiency present...

    Authors: Thomas Kristensen, Klaus Fuglsang Kofoed, Steffen Helqvist, Morten Helvind and Lars Søndergaard

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:33

    Content type: Case report

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  9. A 66 year old woman presented in extremis with symptoms and clinical and radiological signs of simultaneous obstruction of superior vena cava and middle lobe of right lung secondary to compression by a massive...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul, Kalyana Javangula and Shahme A Farook

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:32

    Content type: Case report

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  10. In order to achieve a safe and persistent angiogenic effect, we investigated the potential of bone marrow cells implantation to enhance angiogenesis of ischemic hearts in a rat model, and also we have investig...

    Authors: Yahya Unlu and Sami Karapolat

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:30

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Delayed development of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is a rare late complication of mitral valve prosthesis and requires early surgical intervention. Here we describe the occurrence of such a complication di...

    Authors: Narayanan Namboodiri, Santosh K. Dora, Bejoy Thomas and Manoranjan Misra

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:28

    Content type: Case report

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  12. The use of cardiopulmonary bypass as an adjunct to airway surgery for non-malignant diseases in adults is not well established in the UK. We are reporting two cases which demonstrate the additional benefits of...

    Authors: Hussamuddin Adwan, Christopher H. Wigfield, Stephen Clark and Sion Barnard

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:27

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Although orthotopic heart transplantation has been an effective treatment for end-stage heart failure, the incidence of allograft failure has increased, necessitating treatment options. Cardiac retransplantati...

    Authors: Pavan Atluri, William Hiesinger, Robert C Gorman, Alberto Pochettino, Mariell Jessup, Michael A Acker, Rohinton J Morris and Y Joseph Woo

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:26

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of excitation foci inside pulmonary veins (PV) generates stenoses that can become quite severe during or after the follow-up period. Since severe PV stenoses have most often di...

    Authors: Pierre-André Doriot, Pierre-André Dorsaz and Dipen Chandrakant Shah

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:24

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This article details a case report of a traumatic aortic arch false aneurysm after blunt chest trauma. Thoracic aorta false aneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of aortic surgery, infection, ...

    Authors: Federico Bizzarri, Consalvo Mattia, Massimo Ricci, Ilaria Chirichilli, Chiara Santo, David Rose, Luigi Muzzi, Giuseppe Pugliese, Giacomo Frati, Patrizio Sartini, Riccardo Ferrari, Carlo Della Rocca and Andrea Laghi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:23

    Content type: Case study

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  16. Torsion of remaining lobes after pulmonary resection is a potentially serious complication with high reported morbidity and mortality. A range of additional procedures has been described, we have used a simple...

    Authors: Manoj Purohit and Joseph Zacharias

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:22

    Content type: Review

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  17. Cardiac surgery is increasingly required in octogenarians. These patients frequently present atrial fibrillation (AF), a significant factor for stroke and premature death. During the last decade, AF ablation h...

    Authors: Herko Grubitzsch, Sven Beholz, Pascal M Dohmen, Simon Dushe and Wolfgang Konertz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:21

    Content type: Research article

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  18. More than 50% of aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts are occluded 10 years after surgery. Intimal hyperplasia is the initial critical step in the progression toward occlusion. Internal mammary veins, which are...

    Authors: Aron Frederik Popov, Hilmar Dorge, Jose Hinz, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Tomislav Stojanovic, Ralf Seipelt, Vassilios Didilis and Friedrich Albert Schoendube

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:20

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Atrial myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumors. They are usually small or moderate in size by the time of the diagnosis, exhibiting non specific cardiac or systemic symptoms, and are most frequently...

    Authors: Mattheos Panagiotou, Nikolaos D Panagopoulos, Panagiota Ravazoula, Loukas Kaklamanis and Efstratios N Koletsis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:19

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Left atrial thrombi are mostly related to mitral valve disease. The differential diagnosis of clots and myxomas in the left atrium is mostly based on echocardiography. Infection of intracardiac thrombi is extr...

    Authors: Panagiotis Dedeilias, Antonios Roussakis, Efstratios N Koletsis, Dimitrios Zervakis, Panagiotis Hountis, Christos Prokakis, Christina Balaka and Konstantinos Bolos

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:18

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Techniques to preserve the sub-valvular apparatus in order to reduce morbidity and mortality following mitral valve replacement have been frequently reported. However, it is uncertain what impact sub-valvular ...

    Authors: Christopher Rao, Jonathan Hart, Andre Chow, Fotios Siannis, Polyxeni Tsalafouta, Bari Murtuza, Ara Darzi, Frank C Wells and Thanos Athanasiou

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:17

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Plasma concentrations of sFlt-1, the soluble form of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGF), markedly increase during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with extracorporeal circulation...

    Authors: Yves Denizot, Alexandre Leguyader, Elisabeth Cornu, Marc Laskar, Isabelle Orsel, Christelle Vincent and Nathalie Nathan

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:16

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Coronary Endarterectomy (CE) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been shown to be beneficial in those with diffuse coronary artery disease. There are no published data on its...

    Authors: Sanjay Kumar, Sandeep Agarwala, Charlie Talbot and R. Unnikrishnan Nair

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:15

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The blood saving effect of aprotinin has been well documented in cardiac surgery. In thoracic surgery, very few recent studies, using rather high doses of aprotinin, have shown a similar result. In a randomize...

    Authors: Efstratios Apostolakis, Nikolaos Panagopoulos, Efstratios N. Koletsis, James Crockett, Helen Stamou-Kouki, Efrosini Sourgiadaki, Kriton Filos and Dimitrios Dougenis

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:14

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There has been a recent increase in the use of endovascular prostheses resulting in complex surgical and interventional complications not previously recognised. We report a case of Superior vena cava stenosis ...

    Authors: Nitin B. Bagul, Phillipa Moth, Narayan J. Menon, Fiona Myint and George Hamilton

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:12

    Content type: Letters to the Editor

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  26. Severe pulmonary dysfunction is a commonly occurring postoperative complication following cardiac surgery. Resection of a lung causes major anatomical and physiological changes. Shift of the mediastinum and re...

    Authors: Sanjay V. Ghotkar, Vikram Aerra and Neeraj Mediratta

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:11

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Simplified Aortic Cannulation (SAC), wherein the innominate artery is used as the arterial inflow site rather than the ascending aorta, has proved to be a useful technique for arterial cannulation especially f...

    Authors: Christopher J Knott-Craig, Steven P Goldberg and James K Kirklin

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:10

    Content type: Case study

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  28. The aim of this study was to document what proportion of patients referred for consideration of cardiac surgery are turned down, the reasons given for not operating and also to evaluate what happens to those p...

    Authors: Paul D Waterworth, Sing Y Soon, Rohith Govindraj, Rajesh Sivaprakasam, Mark Jackson and Antony D Grayson

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:9

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Granulomatous inflammation has been previously reported in association with cancer. Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a new minimally invasive test for investigati...

    Authors: Marcus P Kennedy, Carlos A Jimenez, Ashwini D Mhatre, Rodolfo C Morice and Georgie A Eapen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:8

    Content type: Research article

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  30. With the proliferation of minimally invasive cardiac surgery a number of alternative inflow sites for coronary artery bypass grafting have been utilized, especially in higher risk patients. The use of axillary...

    Authors: Thanos Athanasiou, Emmanouil I Kapetanakis, Christopher Rao, Loris Salvador and Ara Darzi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:6

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Essential Thrombocythcythaemia (ET) is an uncommon type of myeloproliferative disorder, characterised by both thrombotic and haemorrhagic diathesis. No clear guidelines exist for the pre- and post-operative ma...

    Authors: Kashif Ahmed, Hunaid A Vohra, Alison Milne and Stephen M Langley

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:5

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Aortic dissection is the most frequently diagnosed lethal disease of the aorta. Half of all patients with acute type-A aortic dissection die within 48 hours of presentation. There is still debate as to the opt...

    Authors: Andrzej W Sosnowski, Rajwinder S Jutley, Nicola Masala, Christos Alexiou and Justiaan Swanevelder

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:4

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Dyspahgia in patients with malignant mesothelioma is usually due to direct infiltration of the eosophagus by the tumour. It can be distressing for the patient and challenging for the physician to treat. We des...

    Authors: Enoch Akowuah and Joseph Rahamim

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:3

    Content type: Case report

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  34. The use of opioid analgesics to control pain after median sternotomy in cardiac surgical patients is worldwide accepted and established. However, opioids have a wide range of possible side effects, concerning ...

    Authors: Ioannis Koukis, Mihalis Argiriou, Antonia Dimakopoulou, Victor Panagiotakopoulos, Nikolaos Theakos and Christos Charitos

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Aneurysms of the left main coronary artery are rare with an incidence of 0.1% in large angiographic series. The majority are atherosclerotic in origin. Other causes include connective tissue disorders, trauma,...

    Authors: Jeffrey E Everett and Harold M Burkhart

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:1

    Content type: Commentary

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  36. Ischaemia-reperfusion injury is still a major problem after lung transplantation. Several reports describe the benefits of controlled graft reperfusion. In this study the role of length of the initial pressure...

    Authors: Stefan Guth, Diethard Prüfer, Thorsten Kramm and Eckhard Mayer

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:54

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Topical negative pressure (TNP), commonly used in wound therapy, has been shown to increase blood flow and stimulate angiogenesis in skeletal muscle. We have previously shown that a myocardial TNP of -50 mmHg ...

    Authors: Sandra Lindstedt, Malin Malmsjö and Richard Ingemansson

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:53

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF), which often presents with bilioptysis, is an abnormal communication between the bronchial system and biliary tree. It is a complication associated with a high mortality rate and r...

    Authors: Hatice Eryigit, Selahattin Oztas, Senol Urek, Guven Olgac, Melahat Kurutepe and Cemal Asim Kutlu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:52

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Whilst there is much current data on early outcomes after Coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), there is relatively little data on medium term outcomes in the current era. The purpose of this study is to pres...

    Authors: Babu Kunadian, Joel Dunning and Russell W. J. Millner

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:51

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Atherosclerotic disease of the arteries is a major cause of coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease and stroke. Some patients are however not candidate for the standard treatment of angioplasty or...

    Authors: Hilal Al Sabti

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:49

    Content type: Review

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  41. Postoperative bleeding might become a serious problem in the management of cardiac surgical patients, with marked medical and economic impact. In these life-threatening situations, massive haemorrhage represen...

    Authors: Daniel Heise, Anselm Bräuer and Michael Quintel

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:47

    Content type: Review

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