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  1. The Nuss procedure is widely used to correct pectus excavatum. Bar displacement is a common complication associated with this procedure. How the flipping of the bar affects pectus excavatum recurrence has not ...

    Authors: Yu-Jiun Fan, Po-Cheng Lo, Yuan-Yu Hsu, I-Shiang Tzeng, Bo-Chun Wei and Yeung-Leung Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:244
  2. Although the significance of increased plasma D-dimer levels in activating coagulation and fibrinolysis has been reported, it is still controversial whether it can be used to predict the prognosis of lung canc...

    Authors: Mingsheng Ma, Run Cao, Wei Wang, Biying Wang, Yichen Yang, Yunchao Huang, Guangqiang Zhao and Lianhua Ye
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:243
  3. Left ventricular (LV) thrombus is a complication of acute myocardial infarction and is associated with systemic thromboembolism. We describe a trans-aortic endoscopic approach to the removal of an LV thrombus ...

    Authors: Aditya Eranki, Claudia Villanueva, Nicholas Collins and Peng Seah
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:242
  4. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) often occur after cardiac operations and are a leading cause of morbidity, inhibit oxygenation, and increase hospital length of stay and mortality. Although clinica...

    Authors: Essa M. Sweity, Aidah A. Alkaissi, Wafiq Othman and Ahmad Salahat
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:241
  5. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a recognised biomarker for acute kidney injury (AKI).This study investigated the impact of balanced forced-diuresis using RenalGuard® system (RG), in reduci...

    Authors: Heyman Luckraz, Ramesh Giri, Benjamin Wrigley, Kumaresan Nagarajan, Eshan Senanayake, Emma Sharman, Lawrence Beare and Alan Nevill
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:240
  6. Delirium occurs frequently following cardiothoracic surgery, and infectious disease is an important risk factor for delirium. Surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass induce suppression of the immune response known ...

    Authors: Shokoufeh CheheiliSobbi, Annemieke M. Peters van Ton, Esther M. Wesselink, Marjolein F. Looije, Jelle Gerretsen, Wim J. Morshuis, Arjen J. C. Slooter, Wilson F. Abdo, Peter Pickkers and Mark van den Boogaard
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:239
  7. Hyperbilirubinemia after cardiac surgery increases in-hospital mortality and is associated with poor prognosis. Our present study aimed to compare the efficacy of bilirubin adsorption (BA) and plasma exchange ...

    Authors: Ke Pan, He Zhang, Kai Zhong, Hai-tao Zhang, Ze-shi Li, Zhong Chen, Su-ping Gu, Man Xie, Tuo Pan, Hai-long Cao and Dong-jin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:238
  8. The coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS) is a rare complication after coronary arterial bypass graft operations (CABG) using the left or right internal mammary artery ((L/R)IMA). It results from a retrogr...

    Authors: Mikolaj Walensi, Johannes Bernheim, Nikodemus Ulatowski, Michal Piotrowski, Konstantinos Karaindros, Benjamin Juntermanns, Christian Mikat, Roland Heesen and Johannes N. Hoffmann
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:237
  9. The use of intrapleural fibrinolytics for complicated parapneumonic effusion has been shown to be an effective and safe alternative to surgery. However, there is limited evidence about its use during pregnancy...

    Authors: Awrad Nasralla, Bryce Laing and Simon R. Turner
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:236
  10. This study aimed to explore the effect of WeChat follow-up management on improving the parents’ mental status and the quality of life of premature newborns with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) after discharge.

    Authors: Bin Yang, Jian-Feng Liu, Wen-Peng Xie, Hua Cao and Qiang Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:235
  11. Prosthetic valve endocarditis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a rare complication associated with a high mortality rate. Nonetheless, the rapid expansion of TAVI in recent years has pro...

    Authors: Domenico Calcaterra, Kevin Harris, Mario Goessl, Gopika Dasari, Navneet Kaur and Ivan Chavez
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:234
  12. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with adverse events after cardiac surgery. Multiple studies have reported that posterior pericardiotomy (PP) may be effective for preventing AF after coronary artery bypa...

    Authors: Tao Xiong, Lei Pu, Yuan-Feng Ma, Yun-Long Zhu, Hua Li, Xu Cui and Ya-Xiong Li
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:233
  13. Red cell distribution width (RDW) level is routinely provided in a simple and inexpensive complete blood count report. However, RDW is sometimes overlooked. Recently a higher RDW level is found associated with...

    Authors: Dharmendra Joshi, Md. Abir Tazim Chowdhury, Md. Alauddin, Redoy Ranjan, Omar Sadeque Khan and Md. Rezwanul Hoque
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:232
  14. The incidence of bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) is high in the whole population, BAV-related thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is accompanied by many adverse vascular events. So far, there are two key points in dea...

    Authors: Hao Jia, Le Kang, Zhen Ma, Shuyang Lu, Ben Huang, Chunsheng Wang, Yunzeng Zou and Yongxin Sun
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:230
  15. The 3D printing technology in congenital cardiac surgery has been widely utilized to improve patients’ understanding of their disease. However, there has been no randomized controlled study on its usefulness i...

    Authors: Xicheng Deng, Siping He, Peng Huang, Jinwen Luo, Guangxian Yang, Bing Zhou and Yunbin Xiao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:229
  16. Conventional mitral valve surgery through median sternotomy improves long-term survival with acceptable morbidity and mortality. However, less-invasive approaches to mitral valve surgery are now increasingly e...

    Authors: Marek Pojar, Mikita Karalko, Martin Dergel and Jan Vojacek
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:228
  17. The prevalence of patients with concomitant heart and lung lesions requiring surgical intervention is increasing. Simultaneous cardiac surgery and pulmonary resection avoids the need for a second operation. Ho...

    Authors: Shizhao Cheng, Yiyao Jiang, Xin Li, Xike Lu, Xun Zhang and Daqiang Sun
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:227
  18. Inferior vena cava thrombosis is cited to be a complication of inferior vena cava filter placement and post coronary artery bypass surgery. Often only mild symptoms arise from these thrombi; however, due to th...

    Authors: Steven Neubauer, Gianmarino Gianfrate and Lucas Henn
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:226
  19. Authors: Fausto Biancari, Giovanni Mariscalco, Hakeem Yusuff, Geoffrey Tsang, Suvitesh Luthra, Francesco Onorati, Alessandra Francica, Cecilia Rossetti, Andrea Perrotti, Sidney Chocron, Antonio Fiore, Thierry Folliguet, Matteo Pettinari, Angelo M. Dell’Aquila, Till Demal, Lenard Conradi…
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:225

    The original article was published in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:171

  20. To investigate the feasibility of indocyanine green (ICG) use in localizing subcentimeter pulmonary nodules during uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

    Authors: Zhuo Wu, Lei Zhang, Xi-tong Zhao, Di Zhou and Xue-ying Yang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:224
  21. Cardiac Hibernomas are very rare benign tumors and usually remain asymptomatic. Neonatal cardiogenic shock due to cardiac tumors is extremely very rare. Until this date a few cases of cardiac hibernoma have be...

    Authors: Rym Gribaa, Marwen Kacem, Sami Ouannes, Wiem Majdoub, Houssem Thabet, Imen Ben Ali, Aymen Elheraiche, Mehdi Slim, Sihem Hmissa, Elyes Neffati, Taieb Cherif, Chokri Kortas, Jamli Marah and Sofiene Jerbi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:222
  22. Patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) is a major concern in aortic valve replacement (AVR) and leads to perioperative morbidity and rehospitalization. Predicting aortic annulus diameter pre-procedurally is crucial...

    Authors: Anh Tuan Vo, Tomomi Nakajima, Trang Thi Thu Nguyen, Nguyen Thoi Hai Nguyen, Nga Bich Le, Tri Huu Cao and Dinh Hoang Nguyen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:221
  23. Road traffic crashes related (RTCR) chest traumas remain important global public health challenge. The impact of boosting market of automobile vehicles in China during last decade on thoracic injury needs to b...

    Authors: Shengcao Zhang, Xiangzhi Xiao, Jian Wang, Chengkai Hu, Qiancheng Du, Zheng Fu, Wei Cai, Zhilong Zhang and Hao Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:220
  24. There are a lot of reports of the renal failure and heart failure due to coarctation of the aorta. However, there are no case reports in which revascularization dramatically improved left ventricular function ...

    Authors: Takuma Mikami, Takeshi Kamada, Toshiyuki Yano, Tomohiro Nakajima, Naomi Yasuda, Tsuyoshi Shibata, Keitaro Nakanishi, Ryo Harada, Syuichi Naraoka, Kojiro Toda, Nobutaka Nagano, Atsuko Muranaka and Nobuyoshi Kawaharada
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:219
  25. Left ventricle (LV) lipoma is a very rare, benign cardiac tumor. Due to its rarity, LV lipoma is often misdiagnosed. Aspecific symptoms such as murmurs, arrhythmias, memory loss and palpitation may occur due t...

    Authors: Tom Langenaeken, Aydin Basoglu, Abdullah Kaya and Alaaddin Yilmaz
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:218
  26. Driveline infections in continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (cf-LVAD) remain the most common adverse event. This single-center retrospective study investigated the risk factors, prevalence and mana...

    Authors: Andrzej Juraszek, Mikołaj Smólski, Piotr Kołsut, Jarosław Szymański, Paweł Litwiński, Krzysztof Kuśmierski, Joanna Zakrzewska-Koperska, Maciej Sterliński, Tomasz Dziodzio and Mariusz Kuśmierczyk
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:216
  27. Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital heart defect usually accompanied with different hemodynamic abnormalities. Due to the rarity of QAV, treatment and prognosis of QAV patients with aortic reg...

    Authors: Chaodi Luo, Yi Jiang, Qiang Chen, Yang Yan and Dan Han
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:215
  28. To summarise the surgical outcomes in patients with cardiogenic shock supported by preoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).

    Authors: Mahmoud Yousef Ibrahim Abuharb, Dong Ran, Zheng Jubing, Liu Taoshuai, Dong Haiming, Hou Xiaotong, Song Yue, Zhao Yang and Li Yang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:214
  29. To examine two different operation timing for treating patients with a total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) who need emergency surgery and to summarize the effects of the two operation strategies.

    Authors: Linyun Xi, Chun Wu, Zhengxia Pan and Ming Xiang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:213
  30. There were very few reports of Rosai–Dorfman disease in the thymus, which known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy. It usually accompanied with other systemic symptoms such as fever, malaise, ...

    Authors: Cheng Shen and Hu Liao
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:212
  31. Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) refers to an anomaly in which all of the pulmonary veins drain directly or indirectly to the systemic venous circulation. However, unusual types constitute appro...

    Authors: Neerod Kumar Jha, Haitham Talo, Laszlo Kiraly, Nishant Shah, Aref Al Hakami, Zafar Althaf Azeez and Ajitha Kumari Kamala Bai
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:211
  32. Well-controlled postoperative pain is essential for early recovery after uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (UVATS). Conventional analgesia like opioids and thoracic epidural anaesthesia have been ...

    Authors: Jian Wei Tan, Jameelah Sheik Mohamed and John Kit Chung Tam
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:210
  33. Intermediate type atrioventricular septal defect is less frequent than complete or partial atrioventricular septal defect, and is rarely encountered in the elderly and the utility of three dimensional transeso...

    Authors: Ingrid Schusterova, Marta Jakubova, Marianna Vachalcova, Karolinska Sieradzka, Claudia Gibarty, Tibor Poruban, Ivo Gasparovic and Panagiotis Artemiou
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:209
  34. The DeBakey classification divides Stanford acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) into DeBakey type I (D1) and type II (D2) according to the extent of acute aortic dissection (AAD). This retrospective study a...

    Authors: Chun-Yu Lin, Tao-Hsin Tung, Meng-Yu Wu, Chi-Nan Tseng and Feng-Chun Tsai
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:208
  35. Left subclavian artery revascularization (LSA) is frequently performed in the setting of thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR). The purpose of this study was to compare different techniques for LSA revasculariz...

    Authors: Wei Xie, Yunxing Xue, Shuchun Li, Min Jin, Qing Zhou and Dongjin Wang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:207
  36. To observe the effect of combining dexmedetomidine with sufentanil on postoperative analgesia in children who underwent transthoracic device closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) with ultrafast track an...

    Authors: Jing Wang, Wen-Peng Xie, Yu-Qing Lei, Zeng-Chun Wang, Hua Cao and Qiang Chen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:206
  37. Postoperative vasoplegia with minimal responsiveness to vasopressors is common after cardiac surgery. Called cardiac vasoplegic syndrome (CVS), it is caused by multiple factors. Treating CVS involves a high do...

    Authors: Walter Petermichl, Michael Gruber, Ina Schoeller, Kwahle Allouch, Bernhard M. Graf and York A. Zausig
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:205
  38. The Medtronic Freestyle prosthesis has proven to be a promising recourse for aortic root replacement in various indications. The present study aims to evaluate clinical outcomes and geometric changes of the ao...

    Authors: Anja Osswald, Alina Zubarevich, Arian Arjomandi Rad, Robert Vardanyan, Konstantin Zhigalov, Daniel Wendt, Bastian Schmack, Ahmed Mashhour, Arjang Ruhparwar and Alexander Weymann
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:204
  39. As a new surgical method for older adults with cardiac insufficiency, transapical mitral valve clamp surgery requires the cooperation of practitioners across multiple disciplines to ensure appropriate treatmen...

    Authors: Sailan Li, Haoruo Zhang, Meihua Chen, Zhenzhen Wang and Yanjuan Lin
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:203
  40. The mural thrombus in the ascending aorta is rare, most of which are associated with aneurysm or atherosclerotic lesions, with high risks of causing catastrophic thrombotic events. A mural thrombus in the non-...

    Authors: Xiaoyi Dai, Chengyao Ni, Wenzong Luo, Sihan Miao and Liang Ma
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:200
  41. The cannulation technique used in totally endoscopic cardiac surgery has a significant impact on the overall prognosis of patients. However, there are no large cohort studies to discuss it. Here we report on o...

    Authors: Yi Chen, Liang-wan Chen, Xiao-fu Dai and Xue-shan Huang
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:199
  42. Poor glycemic control has been associated with an increased risk of wound complications after various types of operations. However, it remains unclear how hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and preoperative glycemia can b...

    Authors: Jef Van den Eynde, Abel Van Vlasselaer, Annoushka Laenen, Delphine Szecel, Bart Meuris, Tom Verbelen, Steven Jacobs, Peter Verbrugghe and Wouter Oosterlinck
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:198
  43. Regardless of its rarity, and indolent clinical course, chest wall tumor places high morbidity and burden on patients especially when invasion to a neighboring structure is found. Once detected, surgery is the...

    Authors: Riad Abdel Jalil, Mohamad K. Abou Chaar, Obada Al-Qudah, Hanna Kakish and Salam Elfar
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:196
  44. Intraoperative graft assessment with tools like Transit Time Flow Measurement (TTFM) is imperative for quality control in coronary surgery. We investigated the variation of TTFM parameters before and after pro...

    Authors: Dror B. Leviner, Miriam von Mücke Similon, Carlo Maria Rosati, Andrea Amabile, Daniel J. F. M. Thuijs, Gabriele Di Giammarco, Daniel Wendt, Gregory D. Trachiotis, Teresa M. Kieser, A. Pieter Kappetein, Stuart J. Head, David P. Taggart and John D. Puskas
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:195

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