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  1. This article details a case report of a traumatic aortic arch false aneurysm after blunt chest trauma. Thoracic aorta false aneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of aortic surgery, infection, ...

    Authors: Federico Bizzarri, Consalvo Mattia, Massimo Ricci, Ilaria Chirichilli, Chiara Santo, David Rose, Luigi Muzzi, Giuseppe Pugliese, Giacomo Frati, Patrizio Sartini, Riccardo Ferrari, Carlo Della Rocca and Andrea Laghi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:23
  2. Torsion of remaining lobes after pulmonary resection is a potentially serious complication with high reported morbidity and mortality. A range of additional procedures has been described, we have used a simple...

    Authors: Manoj Purohit and Joseph Zacharias
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:22
  3. Cardiac surgery is increasingly required in octogenarians. These patients frequently present atrial fibrillation (AF), a significant factor for stroke and premature death. During the last decade, AF ablation h...

    Authors: Herko Grubitzsch, Sven Beholz, Pascal M Dohmen, Simon Dushe and Wolfgang Konertz
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:21
  4. More than 50% of aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts are occluded 10 years after surgery. Intimal hyperplasia is the initial critical step in the progression toward occlusion. Internal mammary veins, which are...

    Authors: Aron Frederik Popov, Hilmar Dorge, Jose Hinz, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Tomislav Stojanovic, Ralf Seipelt, Vassilios Didilis and Friedrich Albert Schoendube
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:20
  5. Atrial myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumors. They are usually small or moderate in size by the time of the diagnosis, exhibiting non specific cardiac or systemic symptoms, and are most frequently...

    Authors: Mattheos Panagiotou, Nikolaos D Panagopoulos, Panagiota Ravazoula, Loukas Kaklamanis and Efstratios N Koletsis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:19
  6. Left atrial thrombi are mostly related to mitral valve disease. The differential diagnosis of clots and myxomas in the left atrium is mostly based on echocardiography. Infection of intracardiac thrombi is extr...

    Authors: Panagiotis Dedeilias, Antonios Roussakis, Efstratios N Koletsis, Dimitrios Zervakis, Panagiotis Hountis, Christos Prokakis, Christina Balaka and Konstantinos Bolos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:18
  7. Techniques to preserve the sub-valvular apparatus in order to reduce morbidity and mortality following mitral valve replacement have been frequently reported. However, it is uncertain what impact sub-valvular ...

    Authors: Christopher Rao, Jonathan Hart, Andre Chow, Fotios Siannis, Polyxeni Tsalafouta, Bari Murtuza, Ara Darzi, Frank C Wells and Thanos Athanasiou
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:17
  8. Plasma concentrations of sFlt-1, the soluble form of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGF), markedly increase during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with extracorporeal circulation...

    Authors: Yves Denizot, Alexandre Leguyader, Elisabeth Cornu, Marc Laskar, Isabelle Orsel, Christelle Vincent and Nathalie Nathan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:16
  9. Coronary Endarterectomy (CE) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been shown to be beneficial in those with diffuse coronary artery disease. There are no published data on its...

    Authors: Sanjay Kumar, Sandeep Agarwala, Charlie Talbot and R. Unnikrishnan Nair
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:15
  10. The blood saving effect of aprotinin has been well documented in cardiac surgery. In thoracic surgery, very few recent studies, using rather high doses of aprotinin, have shown a similar result. In a randomize...

    Authors: Efstratios Apostolakis, Nikolaos Panagopoulos, Efstratios N. Koletsis, James Crockett, Helen Stamou-Kouki, Efrosini Sourgiadaki, Kriton Filos and Dimitrios Dougenis
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:14
  11. There has been a recent increase in the use of endovascular prostheses resulting in complex surgical and interventional complications not previously recognised. We report a case of Superior vena cava stenosis ...

    Authors: Nitin B. Bagul, Phillipa Moth, Narayan J. Menon, Fiona Myint and George Hamilton
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:12
  12. Severe pulmonary dysfunction is a commonly occurring postoperative complication following cardiac surgery. Resection of a lung causes major anatomical and physiological changes. Shift of the mediastinum and re...

    Authors: Sanjay V. Ghotkar, Vikram Aerra and Neeraj Mediratta
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:11
  13. Simplified Aortic Cannulation (SAC), wherein the innominate artery is used as the arterial inflow site rather than the ascending aorta, has proved to be a useful technique for arterial cannulation especially f...

    Authors: Christopher J Knott-Craig, Steven P Goldberg and James K Kirklin
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:10
  14. The aim of this study was to document what proportion of patients referred for consideration of cardiac surgery are turned down, the reasons given for not operating and also to evaluate what happens to those p...

    Authors: Paul D Waterworth, Sing Y Soon, Rohith Govindraj, Rajesh Sivaprakasam, Mark Jackson and Antony D Grayson
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:9
  15. Granulomatous inflammation has been previously reported in association with cancer. Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a new minimally invasive test for investigati...

    Authors: Marcus P Kennedy, Carlos A Jimenez, Ashwini D Mhatre, Rodolfo C Morice and Georgie A Eapen
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:8
  16. With the proliferation of minimally invasive cardiac surgery a number of alternative inflow sites for coronary artery bypass grafting have been utilized, especially in higher risk patients. The use of axillary...

    Authors: Thanos Athanasiou, Emmanouil I Kapetanakis, Christopher Rao, Loris Salvador and Ara Darzi
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:6
  17. Essential Thrombocythcythaemia (ET) is an uncommon type of myeloproliferative disorder, characterised by both thrombotic and haemorrhagic diathesis. No clear guidelines exist for the pre- and post-operative ma...

    Authors: Kashif Ahmed, Hunaid A Vohra, Alison Milne and Stephen M Langley
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:5
  18. Aortic dissection is the most frequently diagnosed lethal disease of the aorta. Half of all patients with acute type-A aortic dissection die within 48 hours of presentation. There is still debate as to the opt...

    Authors: Andrzej W Sosnowski, Rajwinder S Jutley, Nicola Masala, Christos Alexiou and Justiaan Swanevelder
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:4
  19. Dyspahgia in patients with malignant mesothelioma is usually due to direct infiltration of the eosophagus by the tumour. It can be distressing for the patient and challenging for the physician to treat. We des...

    Authors: Enoch Akowuah and Joseph Rahamim
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:3
  20. The use of opioid analgesics to control pain after median sternotomy in cardiac surgical patients is worldwide accepted and established. However, opioids have a wide range of possible side effects, concerning ...

    Authors: Ioannis Koukis, Mihalis Argiriou, Antonia Dimakopoulou, Victor Panagiotakopoulos, Nikolaos Theakos and Christos Charitos
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:2
  21. Aneurysms of the left main coronary artery are rare with an incidence of 0.1% in large angiographic series. The majority are atherosclerotic in origin. Other causes include connective tissue disorders, trauma,...

    Authors: Jeffrey E Everett and Harold M Burkhart
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2008 3:1
  22. Ischaemia-reperfusion injury is still a major problem after lung transplantation. Several reports describe the benefits of controlled graft reperfusion. In this study the role of length of the initial pressure...

    Authors: Stefan Guth, Diethard Prüfer, Thorsten Kramm and Eckhard Mayer
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:54
  23. Topical negative pressure (TNP), commonly used in wound therapy, has been shown to increase blood flow and stimulate angiogenesis in skeletal muscle. We have previously shown that a myocardial TNP of -50 mmHg ...

    Authors: Sandra Lindstedt, Malin Malmsjö and Richard Ingemansson
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:53
  24. Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF), which often presents with bilioptysis, is an abnormal communication between the bronchial system and biliary tree. It is a complication associated with a high mortality rate and r...

    Authors: Hatice Eryigit, Selahattin Oztas, Senol Urek, Guven Olgac, Melahat Kurutepe and Cemal Asim Kutlu
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:52
  25. Whilst there is much current data on early outcomes after Coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), there is relatively little data on medium term outcomes in the current era. The purpose of this study is to pres...

    Authors: Babu Kunadian, Joel Dunning and Russell W. J. Millner
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:51
  26. Atherosclerotic disease of the arteries is a major cause of coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease and stroke. Some patients are however not candidate for the standard treatment of angioplasty or...

    Authors: Hilal Al Sabti
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:49
  27. Postoperative bleeding might become a serious problem in the management of cardiac surgical patients, with marked medical and economic impact. In these life-threatening situations, massive haemorrhage represen...

    Authors: Daniel Heise, Anselm Bräuer and Michael Quintel
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:47
  28. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) today results in what may be regarded as acceptable levels of blood loss with many institutions avoiding allogeneic red cell transfusion in over 60% of their patients. Th...

    Authors: Kelvin Lau, Hetul Shah, Andrea Kelleher and Neil Moat
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:46
  29. The intra-operative histological assessment of fresh tissue can provide valuable diagnostic information and guide surgical management, however, even a limited exposure to standard fixation agents can potential...

    Authors: Andrew M Thomson and William A Wallace
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:45
  30. While it is believed that total arterial grafting (TAG) for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) confers improved long-term outcomes when compared to conventional grafting with left internal mammary artery a...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Légaré, Ansar Hassan, Karen J Buth and John A Sullivan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:44
  31. To examine whether augmentation index (AIx) is increased in Marfan syndrome (MFS) and associated with increased aortic root size, and whether a peripheral-to-central generalised transfer function (GTF) can be ...

    Authors: Rupert A Payne, Roland C Hilling-Smith, David J Webb, Simon R Maxwell and Martin A Denvir
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:43
  32. We describe, in a 61 year old man, with coexistent aortic stenosis, the anomalous origin of posterior descending artery (PDA) from a stenotic left anterior descending (LAD) artery, as its continuation across t...

    Authors: Kalyana Javangula and Pankaj Kaul
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:42
  33. Ectopic mediastinal parathyroid adenomas or hyperplasia account for up to 25% of primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Two percent of them are not accessible by standard cervical surgical approaches. Surgical res...

    Authors: Peter Tcherveniakov, Ashvini Menon, Richard Milton, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Mark Lansdown and James AC Thorpe
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:41
  34. The implantation of stentless valves is technically demanding and the outcome may depend on the performance of surgeons. We studied systematically the role of surgeons and other possible determinants for mid-t...

    Authors: Alexander Albert, Ines Florath, Ulrich Rosendahl, Wael Hassanein, Eberhard V Hodenberg, Stefan Bauer, Ina Ennker and Jürgen Ennker
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:40
  35. Ischemic mitral regurgitation often complicates severe ischemic heart disease and adversely affects the prognosis in these patients. There is wide variation in the clinical spectrum of ischemic mitral regurgit...

    Authors: Chittoor B Sai-Sudhakar, Rashmi Vandse, Todd A Armen, Katherine M Bickle and Nadia S Nathan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:39
  36. This study was conducted to follow plasma concentrations of sFlt-1 and sKDR, two soluble forms of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CAB...

    Authors: Yves Denizot, Alexandre Leguyader, Elisabeth Cornu, Marc Laskar, Isabelle Orsel, Christelle Vincent and Nathalie Nathan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:38
  37. Volatile breath biomarkers provide a non-invasive window to observe physiological and pathological processes in the body. This study was intended to assess the impact of heart surgery with extracorporeal circu...

    Authors: Florian Pabst, Wolfram Miekisch, Patricia Fuchs, Sabine Kischkel and Jochen K Schubert
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:37
  38. Primary cardiac sarcomas are rare tumors with an unfavourable prognosis. Complete surgical resection is currently the only mode of therapy proven to show any benefit. We report the cases of two patients presen...

    Authors: Mohan P Devbhandari, Shaista Meraj, Mark T Jones, Isaac Kadir and Ben Bridgewater
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:34
  39. As our population ages and life expectancy increases the number of people aged over 80 and more referred for cardiac surgery is growing. This study sought to identify the outcome of aortic valve replacement (A...

    Authors: Amal K Bose, James D Aitchison and John H Dark
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:33
  40. Ventricular assist devices(VAD) implantation/removal is a complex surgical procedure with perioperative bleeding complications occurring in nearly half of the cases. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) h...

    Authors: Manish J Gandhi, Richard A Pierce, Lini Zhang, Marc R Moon, George J Despotis and Nader Moazami
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:32
  41. A 61 year old man presented with diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the skin of the back of the shoulder which was excised and treated with chemotherapy (CHOP regime) in 1998. He was in complete remission till h...

    Authors: Pankaj Kaul and Kalyana Javangula
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:30
  42. A 41-year old non-smoking woman presented with persistent pleural effusion. Pleural fluid was hemorrhagic and fluid cytology was negative for malignant cells. A working diagnosis of chronic haemothorax was mad...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar Kubal, Sanjay Ghotkar, John Gosney and Martyn Carr
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:29
  43. Lung transplantation (LTx) is widely accepted as a therapeutic option for end-stage respiratory failure in cystic fibrosis. However, airway complications remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality in thes...

    Authors: Nouman U Khan, Mohamed Al-Aloul, Noman Khasati, Ali Machaal, Colm T Leonard and Nizar Yonan
    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2007 2:28

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