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Strategies for prevention of prolonged intensive care unit stay following cardiac surgery by identifying the determinants

Background/Introduction

Cardiac surgery service is dependent on the availability of cardiac intensive care facility. some patients are eligible for fast-track protocol. We investigate the factors determining prolonged intensive care stay following cardiac surgery, with the view to developing a model that predicts prolonged stay.

Aims/Objectives

Develop a scoring model that predicts prolonged intensive care stay following cardiac surgery

Method

Retrospective data analysis on 1592 consecutive patients admitted to intensive care following cardiac surgery (2011-2014). Dichotomous and categorical data were compared using Chi-square or Fisher's Exact tests. P- value of < 0.05 was significant. Univariate and Multivariate Regression identified predictors of prolonged intensive care stay.

A score model for prolonged intensive care stay was developed as a logistic probability unit (z=logit (p)= log e (p/1-p); The area under the receiver curve (AUC) generated. The best cut-off point of the scoring model was identified, the likelihood ratio of a positive test result calculated.

Results

Logistic regression showed predictors of prolonged intensive care unit stay as ; NYHA class 3-4 (OR,1.5; p = 0.0029), FEV1 (OR, 0.76; p = 0.0026), emergency operation (OR,8.75; p = 0.0022), age (OR,1.02; p = 0.00007), LVEF<50% (OR,2.21; p = 0.00001), creatinine (OR,1.01; p = 0.000001), bypass time (OR, 1.01; p = 0.000001).

Intensive care unit stay score was determined by logistic probability (AUC=0.76, 95% CI, 0.73;0.78, p = 0.00001) suggesting that a cut-off score of 35 predicts prolonged intensive care stay with a sensitivity of 0.66, specificity of 0.72 and accuracy of 0.70. The likelihood ratio of a positive test was 2.34.

Discussion/Conclusion

Preoperative optimisation of the predictors of prolong intensive care stay, could reduce length of stay following cardiac-surgery.

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Correspondence to Philemon Gukop.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Gukop, P., Valencia, O., Sarsam, M. et al. Strategies for prevention of prolonged intensive care unit stay following cardiac surgery by identifying the determinants. J Cardiothorac Surg 10, A165 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-10-S1-A165

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Keywords

  • Intensive Care Unit Stay
  • NYHA Class
  • Logistic Probability
  • Positive Test Result
  • Score Model