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  1. Shortcoming of traditional Nuss operation on adults is gradually found in the clinical practice. A new kind of introducer-bar complex was introduced. However, there is limited evidence regarding its safety and...

    Authors: Lei Wang, Juan Liu, Yao Li, Tienan Feng, Beibei Cao, Haibo Xiao, Fengqing Hu and Guoqing Li

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:267

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To compare the short-term safety and efficacy of right anterolateral minithoracotomy (ALMT) and median sternotomy (MS) for the surgical treatment of atrial septal defects (ASDs).

    Authors: Yu-Qing Lei, Jian-Feng Liu, Wen-Peng Xie, Zhi-Nuan Hong, Qiang Chen and Hua Cao

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:266

    Content type: Research article

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  3. More and more synchronous multiple primary lung adenocarcinomas (SMPLA) have been diagnosed and surgical treatment has become the mainstay of treatment for them, but there are few reports on the surgical outco...

    Authors: Rirong Qu, Dehao Tu, Wei Ping, Yixin Cai, Ni Zhang and Xiangning Fu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:265

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The study purpose is to examine survival prognostic and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) application outcomes at our tertiary care center.

    Authors: Jennifer M. Brewer, Anthony Tran, Jielin Yu, M. Irfan Ali, Constantine M. Poulos, Jonathan Gates, Jason Gluck and David Underhill

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:264

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The prosthesis type for multiple valve surgery (replacement of two or more diseased native or prosthetic valves, replacement of two diseased valves with repair/reconstruction of a third, or replacement of a si...

    Authors: Ahmad Poostizadeh, W. R. Eric Jamieson, A. Ian Munro, Robert T. Miyagishima, Hilton Ling, Guy J. Fradet, Michael T. Janusz and Lawrence H. Burr

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:262

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The acknowledgment that conservative oxygen therapy (COT) was related to better prognosis in the intensive care unit (ICU) was challenged recently. We conducted an updated meta-analysis aimed to determine whet...

    Authors: Lu Liu and Yali Tian

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:261

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sublobar resection has been widely accepted for treating pure ground-glass opacities (GGOs). As GGOs have good prognosis, preserving postoperative pulmonary function is the major concern in surgery. No studies...

    Authors: Taobo Luo, Qixun Chen, Jian Zeng, Lei Cai and Xiancong Huang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:260

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The choice of aortic valve replacement needs to be decided in an interdisciplinary approach and together with the patients and their families regarding the need for re-operation and risks accompanying anticoag...

    Authors: Johanna Schlein, Paul Simon, Gregor Wollenek, Eva Base, Günther Laufer and Daniel Zimpfer

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:259

    Content type: Research article

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  9. A pulmonary arteriovenous malformation is an abnormal dilated blood vessel that makes direct communication between a pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein and can be associated with hypoxemia or neurological com...

    Authors: Takahiro Ochi, Masako Chiyo, Takamasa Ito, Hideharu Furumoto, Toshihiko Sugiura and Yukio Saitoh

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:258

    Content type: Case report

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  10. In the VEST IV trial, the author concluded that external stenting of saphenous vein graft mitigates its remodeling and also significantly reduces the diffuse intimal hyperplasia and development of lumen irregu...

    Authors: Vijayanand Palanisamy, Valikapthalil Mathew Kurian and Rajan sethuratnam

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:257

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  11. Total aortic arch replacement (TAR) with frozen elephant trunk (FET) requires hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) for 20 min, which increases the surgical risk. We invented an aortic balloon occlusion (ABO) t...

    Authors: Luchen Wang, Yunfeng Li, Yaojun Dun and Xiaogang Sun

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:256

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Although aortic root and ascending aortic aneurysms are treated the same, they differ in embryological development and pathological processes. This study examines the microscopic structural differences between...

    Authors: Timothy Luke Surman, John Matthew Abrahams, Jim Manavis, John Finnie, Dermot O’Rourke, Karen Jane Reynolds, James Edwards, Michael George Worthington and John Beltrame

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:255

    Content type: Research article

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  13. With the popularization of HRCT and VATS, the incidence of early stage lung cancer is increasing recent years. About 63% of small pulmonary nodules can not be accurately identified in VATS. We use 3-D reconstr...

    Authors: Long Zhao, Wenyu Yang, Ruofeng Hong and Jianbin Fei

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:254

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Elevated plasma free hemoglobin is associated with multi-organ injury. In this context, minimally invasive extracorporeal technologies represent a way to reduce this complication following cardiac surgery.

    Authors: Ignazio Condello, Giuseppe Santarpino, Giuseppe Filiberto Serraino, Pasquale Mastroroberto, Giuseppe Speziale and Giuseppe Nasso

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:253

    Content type: Research article

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  15. To investigate the effects of seasonal and climatic changes on postoperative in-hospital mortality and length of stay (LOS) in patients with type A acute aortic dissection (AAD).

    Authors: Zeng-Rong Luo, Zhi-Qin Lin, Liang-wan Chen and Han-Fan Qiu

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:252

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Authors: Amjad Shalabi, Erez Kachel, Yigal Kassif, Muin Faqeeh, Preisman Sergey, Leonid Sternik, Liza Grosman-Rimon, Wadi Kinany, Offer Amir, Eilon Ram, Jacob Lavee and Avishay Grupper

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:251

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:70

  17. Aneurysmal degeneration of the coronary button after aortic root replacement using the button technique is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. However, the appropriate management of this comp...

    Authors: Kimihiro Kobayashi, Yoshinori Kuroda, Masahiro Mizumoto, Atsushi Yamashita, Eiichi Ohba, Shingo Nakai, Tomonori Ochiai and Tetsuro Uchida

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:250

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Much debate is still going on about the best ablation strategy—via endocardial or epicardial approach—in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and evidence gaps exist in current guidelines in this area. More...

    Authors: Giuseppe Nasso, Roberto Lorusso, Arash Motekallemi, Angelo M. Dell’Aquila, Nicola Di Bari, Ignazio Condello, Marco Moscarelli, Saverio Iacopino, Giuseppe F. Serraino, Pasquale Mastroroberto, Giuseppe Santarpino and Giuseppe Speziale

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:249

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of SYNTAX scores I, II, and residual with cardiovascular outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coron...

    Authors: Eduardo Bello Martins, Whady Hueb, David L. Brown, Thiago Luis Scudeler, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Paulo Cury Rezende, Paulo Rogério Soares, Cibele Larrosa Garzillo, Jaime Paula Pessoa Linhares Filho, Daniel Valente Batista, Jose Antonio Franchini Ramires and Roberto Kalil Filho

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:248

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although the number of patients who undergo extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a bridge to lung transplantation is increasing worldwide, there are few reports on lung transplantation after long-term...

    Authors: Nobuyuki Yoshiyasu, Masaaki Sato, Masaki Anraku, Shingo Ichiba and Jun Nakajima

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:246

    Content type: Case report

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  21. The Nuss procedure is widely used to correct pectus excavatum. Bar displacement is a common complication associated with this procedure. How the flipping of the bar affects pectus excavatum recurrence has not ...

    Authors: Yu-Jiun Fan, Po-Cheng Lo, Yuan-Yu Hsu, I-Shiang Tzeng, Bo-Chun Wei and Yeung-Leung Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:244

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Although the significance of increased plasma D-dimer levels in activating coagulation and fibrinolysis has been reported, it is still controversial whether it can be used to predict the prognosis of lung canc...

    Authors: Mingsheng Ma, Run Cao, Wei Wang, Biying Wang, Yichen Yang, Yunchao Huang, Guangqiang Zhao and Lianhua Ye

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:243

    Content type: Review

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  23. Left ventricular (LV) thrombus is a complication of acute myocardial infarction and is associated with systemic thromboembolism. We describe a trans-aortic endoscopic approach to the removal of an LV thrombus ...

    Authors: Aditya Eranki, Claudia Villanueva, Nicholas Collins and Peng Seah

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:242

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) often occur after cardiac operations and are a leading cause of morbidity, inhibit oxygenation, and increase hospital length of stay and mortality. Although clinica...

    Authors: Essa M. Sweity, Aidah A. Alkaissi, Wafiq Othman and Ahmad Salahat

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:241

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a recognised biomarker for acute kidney injury (AKI).This study investigated the impact of balanced forced-diuresis using RenalGuard® system (RG), in reduci...

    Authors: Heyman Luckraz, Ramesh Giri, Benjamin Wrigley, Kumaresan Nagarajan, Eshan Senanayake, Emma Sharman, Lawrence Beare and Alan Nevill

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:240

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Delirium occurs frequently following cardiothoracic surgery, and infectious disease is an important risk factor for delirium. Surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass induce suppression of the immune response known ...

    Authors: Shokoufeh CheheiliSobbi, Annemieke M. Peters van Ton, Esther M. Wesselink, Marjolein F. Looije, Jelle Gerretsen, Wim J. Morshuis, Arjen J. C. Slooter, Wilson F. Abdo, Peter Pickkers and Mark van den Boogaard

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:239

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Hyperbilirubinemia after cardiac surgery increases in-hospital mortality and is associated with poor prognosis. Our present study aimed to compare the efficacy of bilirubin adsorption (BA) and plasma exchange ...

    Authors: Ke Pan, He Zhang, Kai Zhong, Hai-tao Zhang, Ze-shi Li, Zhong Chen, Su-ping Gu, Man Xie, Tuo Pan, Hai-long Cao and Dong-jin Wang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:238

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS) is a rare complication after coronary arterial bypass graft operations (CABG) using the left or right internal mammary artery ((L/R)IMA). It results from a retrogr...

    Authors: Mikolaj Walensi, Johannes Bernheim, Nikodemus Ulatowski, Michal Piotrowski, Konstantinos Karaindros, Benjamin Juntermanns, Christian Mikat, Roland Heesen and Johannes N. Hoffmann

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:237

    Content type: Case report

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  29. The use of intrapleural fibrinolytics for complicated parapneumonic effusion has been shown to be an effective and safe alternative to surgery. However, there is limited evidence about its use during pregnancy...

    Authors: Awrad Nasralla, Bryce Laing and Simon R. Turner

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:236

    Content type: Review

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  30. This study aimed to explore the effect of WeChat follow-up management on improving the parents’ mental status and the quality of life of premature newborns with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) after discharge.

    Authors: Bin Yang, Jian-Feng Liu, Wen-Peng Xie, Hua Cao and Qiang Chen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:235

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Prosthetic valve endocarditis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a rare complication associated with a high mortality rate. Nonetheless, the rapid expansion of TAVI in recent years has pro...

    Authors: Domenico Calcaterra, Kevin Harris, Mario Goessl, Gopika Dasari, Navneet Kaur and Ivan Chavez

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:234

    Content type: Review

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  32. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with adverse events after cardiac surgery. Multiple studies have reported that posterior pericardiotomy (PP) may be effective for preventing AF after coronary artery bypa...

    Authors: Tao Xiong, Lei Pu, Yuan-Feng Ma, Yun-Long Zhu, Hua Li, Xu Cui and Ya-Xiong Li

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:233

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Red cell distribution width (RDW) level is routinely provided in a simple and inexpensive complete blood count report. However, RDW is sometimes overlooked. Recently a higher RDW level is found associated with...

    Authors: Dharmendra Joshi, Md. Abir Tazim Chowdhury, Md. Alauddin, Redoy Ranjan, Omar Sadeque Khan and Md. Rezwanul Hoque

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:232

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The incidence of bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) is high in the whole population, BAV-related thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is accompanied by many adverse vascular events. So far, there are two key points in dea...

    Authors: Hao Jia, Le Kang, Zhen Ma, Shuyang Lu, Ben Huang, Chunsheng Wang, Yunzeng Zou and Yongxin Sun

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:230

    Content type: Review

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  35. The 3D printing technology in congenital cardiac surgery has been widely utilized to improve patients’ understanding of their disease. However, there has been no randomized controlled study on its usefulness i...

    Authors: Xicheng Deng, Siping He, Peng Huang, Jinwen Luo, Guangxian Yang, Bing Zhou and Yunbin Xiao

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:229

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Conventional mitral valve surgery through median sternotomy improves long-term survival with acceptable morbidity and mortality. However, less-invasive approaches to mitral valve surgery are now increasingly e...

    Authors: Marek Pojar, Mikita Karalko, Martin Dergel and Jan Vojacek

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:228

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The prevalence of patients with concomitant heart and lung lesions requiring surgical intervention is increasing. Simultaneous cardiac surgery and pulmonary resection avoids the need for a second operation. Ho...

    Authors: Shizhao Cheng, Yiyao Jiang, Xin Li, Xike Lu, Xun Zhang and Daqiang Sun

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:227

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Inferior vena cava thrombosis is cited to be a complication of inferior vena cava filter placement and post coronary artery bypass surgery. Often only mild symptoms arise from these thrombi; however, due to th...

    Authors: Steven Neubauer, Gianmarino Gianfrate and Lucas Henn

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:226

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Authors: Fausto Biancari, Giovanni Mariscalco, Hakeem Yusuff, Geoffrey Tsang, Suvitesh Luthra, Francesco Onorati, Alessandra Francica, Cecilia Rossetti, Andrea Perrotti, Sidney Chocron, Antonio Fiore, Thierry Folliguet, Matteo Pettinari, Angelo M. Dell’Aquila, Till Demal, Lenard Conradi…

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:225

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:171

  40. To investigate the feasibility of indocyanine green (ICG) use in localizing subcentimeter pulmonary nodules during uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

    Authors: Zhuo Wu, Lei Zhang, Xi-tong Zhao, Di Zhou and Xue-ying Yang

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:224

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Cardiac Hibernomas are very rare benign tumors and usually remain asymptomatic. Neonatal cardiogenic shock due to cardiac tumors is extremely very rare. Until this date a few cases of cardiac hibernoma have be...

    Authors: Rym Gribaa, Marwen Kacem, Sami Ouannes, Wiem Majdoub, Houssem Thabet, Imen Ben Ali, Aymen Elheraiche, Mehdi Slim, Sihem Hmissa, Elyes Neffati, Taieb Cherif, Chokri Kortas, Jamli Marah and Sofiene Jerbi

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:222

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) is a major concern in aortic valve replacement (AVR) and leads to perioperative morbidity and rehospitalization. Predicting aortic annulus diameter pre-procedurally is crucial...

    Authors: Anh Tuan Vo, Tomomi Nakajima, Trang Thi Thu Nguyen, Nguyen Thoi Hai Nguyen, Nga Bich Le, Tri Huu Cao and Dinh Hoang Nguyen

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:221

    Content type: Research article

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  43. There are a lot of reports of the renal failure and heart failure due to coarctation of the aorta. However, there are no case reports in which revascularization dramatically improved left ventricular function ...

    Authors: Takuma Mikami, Takeshi Kamada, Toshiyuki Yano, Tomohiro Nakajima, Naomi Yasuda, Tsuyoshi Shibata, Keitaro Nakanishi, Ryo Harada, Syuichi Naraoka, Kojiro Toda, Nobutaka Nagano, Atsuko Muranaka and Nobuyoshi Kawaharada

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:219

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  44. Left ventricle (LV) lipoma is a very rare, benign cardiac tumor. Due to its rarity, LV lipoma is often misdiagnosed. Aspecific symptoms such as murmurs, arrhythmias, memory loss and palpitation may occur due t...

    Authors: Tom Langenaeken, Aydin Basoglu, Abdullah Kaya and Alaaddin Yilmaz

    Citation: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2021 16:218

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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