Volume 10 Supplement 1

Proceedings of the WSCTS 25th Anniversary Congress

Open Access

Can cardiothoracic surgeons provide a safe and effective thoracic surgery service?

  • Rajani Rajnish1,
  • David Rose1,
  • John Massey1,
  • Royan Richards1,
  • Mohamad N Bittar1,
  • Andrew J Duncan1,
  • Joseph Zacharias1 and
  • Manoj Purohit1
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery201510(Suppl 1):A175

https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-10-S1-A175

Published: 16 December 2015

Background/Introduction

There is a trend to separate Thoracic surgery from the Cardiothoracic surgical divisions. One of the main persuasive argument is the evidence in support of increased resection rate and effective delivery of thoracic surgical services. In such context we reviewed the outcome of thoracic surgical practice in our region where a cardiothoracic surgeon's service was standard.

Aims/Objectives

To establish via our limited study that Cardiothoracic Surgeons can provide a safe, effective and result oriented thoracic surgery survive.

Method

Patients were prospectively added, retrospectively analysed for the period from April 2005 to April 2014. Data were collected from PATs database, Cyber lab and Lung cancer MDT database. Data were analysed using Student's t-test, Excel and Kaplan-Meier statistical analysis software.

Results

A Total of 1057 primary lung cancer patients were operated on, 831 (75.39%) Lobectomy, 147 (13.86%) Wedge resection and 79 (7.45%) Pneumonectomy.

119 (8.9%) patient found to have N2 Positive disease of which 53 (5%) received Chemotherapy and 6 (0.56%) had radiotherapy.

Our in hospital mortality were 1.2% for Lobectomy, 0.68% for Wedge resection and 5.06% for Pneumonectomy.

A Kaplan-Meier Survival analysis for Lobectomies are 88.82%, 72.35% and 66.94%, for Wedge resections are 91.8%, 67.37% and 61.2%, and for Pneumonectomies are 78.41%, 44% and 25.3% at 1 year, 3 years and 5 years respectively.

Discussion/Conclusion

We compared our results with two major European thoracic registries (STCS Bluebook 2011 and ESTS Silverbook 2014). Our in hospital mortality were 1.2% for Lobectomy vs 2.1% (SCTS Bluebook 2011) Vs 2.3% (ESTS Silverbook 2014), 0.68% for Wedge resection vs 0.7% (SCTS Bluebook 2011) Vs 1.7% (ESTS Silverbook 2014) and 5.06%for Pneumonectomy vs 6.5% (SCTS Bluebook 2011) Vs 6.3% (ESTS Silverbook 2014).

Our limited study has demonstrated a comparable and superior outcome proves that Cardiothoracic Surgeons can deliver safe and effective thoracic surgical service.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery Blackpool Victoria Hospital

Copyright

© Rajnish et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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