Skip to content

Advertisement

  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

Surgical management of tuberculous constrictive pericarditis in a developing country: case report

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 2 and
  • 1
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery201510 (Suppl 1) :A186

https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-10-S1-A186

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Tuberculosis
  • Medical Therapy
  • Diagnostic Technique
  • Histologic Section
  • High Index

Background/Introduction

Tuberculosis has been increasing in incidence in recent years especially in developing countries. Tuberculous pericarditis is a form of extra pulmonary tuberculosis that is considered unusual.

Aims/Objectives

We report a case of tuberculosis of pericardium complicated with constrictive pericarditis and the surgical challenges encountered.

Method

Diagnosis is often challenging. High indexes of suspicion combined with the use of all available diagnostic techniques are important to increase diagnostic yield. A definite or proven diagnosis is based on demonstration of tubercle bacilli in pericardial fluid or on histologic section of the pericardium. Constrictive pericarditis is a complication of tuberculous pericarditis that necessitates surgical intervention.

Results

The timing of surgical intervention is controversial, but many experts recommend a trial of medical therapy for non-calcific pericardial constriction, and pericardiectomy in non-responders after 4 to 8 weeks of anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy.

Discussion/Conclusion

Pericardiectomy is a surgical option which carries high mortality and morbidity. We report a case of tuberculosis of pericardium complicated with constrictive pericarditis and the surgical challenges both intraoperative and post operatively.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Cardiothoracic, Penang General Hospital, Georgetown, Penang, 10990, Malaysia
(2)
Clinical Research Center, Penang General Hospital, Georgetown, Penang, 10990, Malaysia

Copyright

© Krishinan et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Advertisement