Surgical management of tuberculous constrictive pericarditis in a developing country: case report
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery volume 10, Article number: A186 (2015)
Tuberculosis has been increasing in incidence in recent years especially in developing countries. Tuberculous pericarditis is a form of extra pulmonary tuberculosis that is considered unusual.
We report a case of tuberculosis of pericardium complicated with constrictive pericarditis and the surgical challenges encountered.
Diagnosis is often challenging. High indexes of suspicion combined with the use of all available diagnostic techniques are important to increase diagnostic yield. A definite or proven diagnosis is based on demonstration of tubercle bacilli in pericardial fluid or on histologic section of the pericardium. Constrictive pericarditis is a complication of tuberculous pericarditis that necessitates surgical intervention.
The timing of surgical intervention is controversial, but many experts recommend a trial of medical therapy for non-calcific pericardial constriction, and pericardiectomy in non-responders after 4 to 8 weeks of anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy.
Pericardiectomy is a surgical option which carries high mortality and morbidity. We report a case of tuberculosis of pericardium complicated with constrictive pericarditis and the surgical challenges both intraoperative and post operatively.
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Krishinan, S., Kareem, B.A.A., Khamis, A.Y. et al. Surgical management of tuberculous constrictive pericarditis in a developing country: case report. J Cardiothorac Surg 10 (Suppl 1), A186 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-10-S1-A186