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Mitral valve sub valvular apparatus preservation in pure or predominant rheumatic mitral stenosis


Surgery of the mitral valve is an important part of the surgical activity at Algerian heart surgery departments.

In many cases the lesions exceed the possibility of native valve preservation, thus requiring the replacement thereof.

When replacing, conservation of the subvalvular apparatus or not remains a question which had a real interest, which was reflected in the significant number of studies on the subject.

The majority of these studies have demonstrated the value of subvalvular apparatus preservation on the future of ventricular function in the immediate and distant; however almost all of these studies have concerned patients with mitral insufficiency lesions.


Our aim is to evaluate the impact of mitral valve subvalvular apparatus preservation on left ventricular function after valve replacement in patient with predominant or pure mitral stenosis


77 patients underwent a mitral valve replacement for mitral valve stenosis, 54 patients (group1) had no preservation, 23 patients (group 2) had partial sub valvular preservation; there were no significant differences between the two groups in pre-operative parameters (age, sex, functional status, AF, LVEDD, LVESD, LVEF).

The mean follow up was 19 months.


In all of the postoperative study parameters, no significant difference was found between groups either in terms of mortality, left or right ventricular function, LVEF (62.98 +/- 2.65% vs 61 +/- 4.20 %); LVEDD (47.3 +/- 1.4 mm vs 46.1 +/- 2.6 mm); LVESD (30.8 +/- 1.7 mm vs 30.9 +/- 2.6 mm); TAPSE (15.78 +/- 0.88 mm vs 15.65 +/- 1.0 mm), Sa (10.58 +/- 0.47 cm/s vs 10.35 +/- 0.77 cm/s) respectively for group 1 and group 2.


The short- and medium-term results of our study did not demonstrate the interest of preserving the sub valvular apparatus in mitral valve replacement surgery on pure or predominant rheumatic mitral stenosis; however a longer follow-up is need to evaluate the impact on either left or right ventricular function.

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Bouzid, A., Chibane, S., Atbi, M. et al. Mitral valve sub valvular apparatus preservation in pure or predominant rheumatic mitral stenosis. J Cardiothorac Surg 10 (Suppl 1), A2 (2015).

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