Skip to content

Advertisement

  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

Effect of Aortic Valve Replacement on the Carotid Artery Distensibility in Patients with Aortic Valve Diseases

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 3 and
  • 1
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery201510 (Suppl 1) :A247

https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-10-S1-A247

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Carotid Artery
  • Aortic Valve
  • Aortic Stenosis
  • Aortic Valve Replacement
  • Aortic Regurgitation

Background/Introduction

Impaired carotid artery distensibility in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) was reported previously. However, there is no physiological assessment of the carotid artery distensibility in patients with aortic valve diseases underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR).

Aims/Objectives

In this study, we clarify the effect of AVR on the static and dynamic distensibility of the carotid artery in patients with aortic valve diseases.

Method

Twenty patients with AS and 9 with aortic regurgitation (AR) underwent AVR were recruited. As static distensibility parameters of the carotid artery, such as β stiffness index, pressure-strain elastic modulus (Ep), and arterial compliance (AC), were obtained by a real time echo-tracking system at pre-AVR and 1 week after AVR. As a dynamic distensibility parameter of the carotid artery, maximum rate of rise of carotid diameter (dD/dt) was obtained.

Results

Effective orifice area indices (EOAIs) were 1.13 ± 0.18 in AS group and 1.23 ± 0.12 in AR group, respectively. In AS group, post-AVR peak aortic velocities (AoV) was significantly reduced compared with pre-AVR peak AoV. On the other hand, post-AVR peak AoV was significantly increased compared with pre-AVR peak AoV in AR group.

There were no significant changes in the static distensibility parameters, such as β stiffness index, Ep, and AC, following AVR in each group. With regard to the dynamic distensibility parameters of the carotid artery in AS group, post-AVR dD/dt was higher than pre-AVR dD/dt (4.63 ± 1.80 mm/s vs. 3.30 ± 1.15 mm/s). In AR group, post-AVR dD/dt was lower than pre-AVR dD/dt (4.37 ± 0.95 mm/s vs. 9.33 ± 4.35 mm/s). In the evaluation of relationship between these dynamic distensibility parameters and the cardiac parameters for all AVR patients, there was significant correlation between the ratio of post- to pre-AVR peak AoV and the ratio of dD/dt (R = -0.753).

Discussion/Conclusion

We found rapid and drastic alternation in dynamic distensibility of the carotid artery after AVR. It was affected by the alternation of peak AoV related to AVR.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Gifu Prefectural General Medical Center, Gifu city Gifu, 500-8717, Japan
(2)
Faculty of Engineering, Gifu University, Gifu city Gifu, 501-1193, Japan
(3)
Research and Development Center for Human Medical Engineering, Gifu University, Gifu city Gifu, 501-1193, Japan

Copyright

© Umeda et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Advertisement