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Rehabilitation on the day of cardio-aortic surgery


Fast-track strategy in cardio-aortic surgery has been known to have advantages in minimizing post-operative complications, shortening hospital stay and lowering costs.


We reviewed our rehabilitation plan starting 2 hours after cardio-aortic operations retrospectively, in terms of feasibility and safety.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Non-emergency surgery; CABG, valve surgery, thoracic aortic surgery and their combination. 2. Well-awake without a ventilator 2 hours after operation. 3. No femoral lines such as IABP or arterial lines. 4. Chest tube drainage less than 100 ml/h. 5. No neurological, hemodynamic, or subjective abnormalities.

During two years, 281 patients met the criteria and divided into two groups: Group 0 consisting of 160 patients started rehabilitation (124 standing and 36 sitting) on the day of operation and Group 1 of 121 patients on post-operative day 1. Statistical analysis was considered significant when p-value was less than 0.05.


Both groups had no significant difference in height, body weight, pre-op EF, duration of anesthesia or aortic cross-clamp time. Group 1, however, had significantly higher values in age (70.0 ± 11.0 vs 73.2 ± 12.1 years), EuroSCORE II (2.3 ± 1.7 vs 5.2 ± 5.5), operation time (261 ± 60 vs 327 ± 115 min), water balance (446 ± 1037 vs 936 ± 1268 ml), days requiring to achieve pre-operative walkiAng level (4.2 ± 4.7 vs 7.5 ± 8.2), post-operative hospital stay (13 ± 12.8 vs 23 ± 32 days) and in-hospital mortality (0.6 vs 5.0%). There was no adverse event due to rehabilitation during the study period.


In summary, rehabilitation 2 hours after operations was safe. Group 0 showed faster recovery, but had younger age and lower operative risks. Further analysis should be considered to clarify that early intervention could be beneficial to which patients and to what extent.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Irie, H., Ikebuchi, M., Teshima, H. et al. Rehabilitation on the day of cardio-aortic surgery. J Cardiothorac Surg 10 (Suppl 1), A79 (2015).

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