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Table 4 Complications during ECMO support

From: Factors influencing the outcome of paediatric cardiac surgical patients during extracorporeal circulatory support

Complications
Bleeding 36%
Neurological 19%
Sepsisa 17%
Renal 57%
Pulmonaryb 21%
Mechanicalc 47%
  1. "a" – Chest infection (9.4%), Intraabdominal sepsis (3.7%), Sternal wound infection (1.8%), Cannulation site infection (1.8%).
  2. "b" – Pneumothorax (11.3%), Pleural effusion (9.4%)
  3. "c" – Mechanical complications of the ECMO circuit