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Table 1 Baseline patient profile*

From: On-pump beating heart coronary surgery for high risk patients requiring emergency multiple coronary artery bypass grafting

No. of Patients 25
Age (years) 69 ± 7 (range 57–79)
Gender (M/F) 18/7
CCS angina class  
   I 0 (0%)
   II 4 (16%)
   III 13 (53%)
   IV 8 (31%)
LVEF (%) 27 ± 8
Hypertension 14 (56%)
Smoke 16 (65%)
Hypercholesterolemia 17 (70%)
Diabetes mellitus (I&II) 4 (16%)
Peripheral vascular disease 9 (35%)
Prior myocardial infarction 13 (53%)
Myocardial infarction < 7 days 9 (35%)
Urgency 2 (8%)
Emergency 23 (92%)
Preoperative IABP 7 (28%)
Preoperative mechanical ventilation 5 (20%)
Severe low cardiac output 9 (35%)
Left main stump disease 6 (24%)
3 – Vessel disease 22 (88%)
  1. * Data are presented as mean ± SD or N (%)
  2. CCS: Canadian Cardiovascular Society Angina Class; New York Heart Association; LVEF: Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction; MI: Myocardial Infarction; IABP: Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump.