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Table 3 Patient characteristics and tumor parameters according to the presence of a pseudocapsulaa

From: The role of a pseudocapsula in thymic epithelial tumors: outcome and correlation with established prognostic parameters. Results of a 20-year single centre retrospective analysis

Characteristics n Pseudocapsula
complete
Pseudocapsula
incomplete
Pseudocapsula
no capsula
p-value b
Masaoka I 42 38 4 0 0.001
II 19 1 16 2  
III 9 1 3 5  
IV 14 0 3 11  
N-status N0 79 40 24 15 0.042
N1 5 0 2 3  
M-status M0 76 40 25 11 0.001
M1 8   1 7  
Vessel infiltration 13 0 3 9 0.001
Pericard infiltration 14 1 1 12 0.001
Recurrence 2 0 1 1 0.047
Age (yr)c 84 40 26 18 0.44
Sex Male 45 14 17 14 0.004
Female 39 26 9 4  
MGd 19 10 6 3 0.86
  1. aData are presented as mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated
  2. bTwo-sided p values were calculated by Pearson's Chi-Square test to determine the significance of correlation of clinicopathological parameters and presence of a pseudocapsula of the tumor.
  3. Boldprinting indicates statistical significance
  4. cRange from 14 to 82 years
  5. dMyasthenia gravis