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Table 1 Clinical characteristics

From: Extracorporeal life support in pediatric cardiac dysfunction

Characteristics DCM patients
(n = 16)
Congenital patients
(n = 32)
p-value
Age at surgery (years) 10.4 ± 5.8 1.2 ± 3.9 0.007
Weight 43 ± 29.2 6.9 ± 13.1 0.0001
Male/female 6/10 17/15 0.30
CPR before ECLS 1 (6.25%) 9 (28.1%) 0.078
CVVH 1 (6.25%) 11 (34.4%) 0.03
HTX 6 (37.5%) 1 (3.13%) 0.001
Bleeding with ECLS 2 (12.5%) 12 (37.5%) 0.07
Pump head exchange 0 5 (15.6%) 0.09
Duration of ECLS (days) 48.5 ± 78.5 7.8 ± 12.1 0.001
Survival after ECLS (days) 563.4 ± 929.4 464.2 ± 848.6 0.58
ECMO
Assist device(LVAD/RVAD/BVAD)
4 (25%)
12 (75%)
22 (69%)
10 (31%)
0.004
Mortality 12 (75%) 21 (65.6%) 0.50
  1. CPR: cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CVVH: continuous venous-venous hemofiltration, HTX: heart transplantation, ECLS: extracorporeal life support, ECMO: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, LVAD: left ventricle assist device, RVAD: right ventricle assist device, BVAD: biventricular assist device
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