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Table 3 Complications in 400 patients with malignant pleural effusion and thoracoscopic talc poudrage performed.

From: Early and late morbidity and mortality and life expectancy following thoracoscopic talc insufflation for control of malignant pleural effusions: a review of 400 cases

COMPLICATIONS N (%)
Prolonged air leak 36 (9)
Persistent pain 31 (7.7)
Subcutaneous emphysema 30 (7.5)
Acute respiratory failure 7 (1.7)
Bleeding 4 (1)
Lung laceration 4 (1)
Wound infection 4 (1)
Persistent pleural space 3 (0.7)
Tumor recurrence at port site 3 (0.7)
Myocardial infarction 3 (0.7)
Empyema thoracis 2 (0.5)
Pulmonary embolism 2 (0.5)
Reexpansion pulmonary edema 1 (0.2)