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Table 4 Late postoperative results

From: Is there an optimal minimally invasive technique for left anterior descending coronary artery bypass?

  PA-CABG MICAB TECAB
Mean follow-up (years) 3.9 ± 0.3 * 2.5 ± 0.3 * 1.8 ± 0.1 *
3-year survival (%) 100 98 ± 5 96 ± 5
3-year angina-free survival (%) 94 ± 8 100 85 ± 12 *
3-year reintervention-free survival (%) 100 98 ± 5 88 ± 8 *
  1. PA-CABG, Port-Access coronary artery bypass grafting; MIDCAB, minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting; TECAB, totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting; * p < 0.05