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Table 5 Characteristics comparison of TOS, MI and OPOTTMIS.

From: Off-pump occlusion of trans-thoracic minimal invasive surgery (OPOTTMIS) on simple congenital heart diseases (ASD, VSD and PDA) attached consecutive 210 cases report: A single institute experience

Item\Methods TOS P I OPOTTMIS
Indication wide Relative narrow Relative wide
Operation spot Operating room Catheter room Operating room
Pathway Open thorax Femoral vein Trans-thoracic MIS
Incision length 20.0 cm 0.5 ~ 1.0 cm 2 ~ 4.0 cm
CPB Yes No No/Prepared
Repair ways Transfixion/Patches Occluder Occluder
Operation time > 2 h > 2 h/2 h ± < 1 h
X-ray radiation No Have No
Injury Heavy Slight Mild
Pains Heavy Slight Mild
Hospitalized time 7 ~ 12 d < 24 h 48 h ~ 6 d
Scar Great Almost none Small
Cosmetic effect weak best better
Spending (RMB) 20,000 ~ 35,000 40,000 ~ 45,000 20,000 ~ 25,000
  1. TOS: traditional open surgery; PI: physician intervention; OPOTTMIS: off-pump occlusion of trans-thoracic minimal invasive surgery; RMB: Ren-Min-Bi, the Chinese currency.