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Table 2 Average patient costs ($) per LVAD phase, cost drivers per phase and average total costs ($) for 20 VentrAssistLVAD and 9 HW HeartWareLVAD

From: Hospital costs fell as numbers of LVADs were increasing: experiences from Oslo University Hospital

   Total costs in $ (range)
20 VentrAssist ™ LVAD 9 HeartWare™LVADs
Pre-LVAD phase 186, 467 (6, 000- 586, 421) 63, 963 (9,738- 187, 097)
     Cost drivers %   
     Personnel 63 43
     ECMO procedure 23 42
     Blood 9 6
     Drugs 1 1
     Laboratory/radiology 4 8
     Sum 100 100
LVAD phase 378, 450 (41, 957- 696, 483) 346, 403 (273, 498- 425, 843)
     Cost drivers %   
     Personnel 52 27
     Device costs 32 58
     Operating room cost 11 10
     Blood 1 2
     Drugs 1 1
     Laboratory/radiology 3 2
     Sum 100 100
Post- LVAD phase 18,093 (8,729,- 59, 345) 2, 819 (1,310- 9,724)
     Cost drivers %   
     Day hospital stays (under 5 hours) 69 0
     In-hospital stays 27 55
     External consultations 2 22
     Internal consultations 2 23
     Sum 100 100
Mean total costs 585, 513 413 185
Range (132, 640- 1 247, 299) (314, 540- 622, 664)