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Table 2 Systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate in the two groups

From: Postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or cardiac valve surgery: intraoperative use of landiolol

  Group Before induction After induction Start of operation Sternotomy End of operation
SBP (mm Hg) Control 136 ± 18 88 ± 12 115 ± 19 128 ± 15 115 ± 19
Landiolol 139 ± 24 93 ± 13 120 ± 19 137 ± 18* 118 ± 19
DBP (mm Hg) Control 69 ± 16 44 ± 7 56 ± 11 63 ± 12 54 ± 9
Landiolol 72 ± 17 46 ± 10 58 ± 14 65 ± 15 56 ± 11
HR (beats/min) Control 68 ± 12 54 ± 10 59 ± 11 65 ± 8 76 ± 9
  Landiolol 70 ± 12 58 ± 13 63 ± 11* 71 ± 12* 75 ± 15
  1. Values are shown as the mean ± SD. *P<0.05 vs. control (unpaired t-test). SBP: systolic blood pressure, DBP: diastolic blood pressure, HR: heart rate.
  2. Repeated measures ANOVA showed significant differences between the groups for SBP (p=0.03) and HR (p=0.02). SBP was significantly higher in the landiolol group at the start of the operation. SBP and HR were significantly higher in the landiolol group at sternotomy. DBP was similar in both groups.