Skip to content


  • Oral presentation
  • Open Access

Landmarks for diagnosis and surgery in abnormal ventriculo-arterial connections with usual arrangement

  • 1Email author,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery20138(Suppl 1):O251

Published: 11 September 2013


  • Septal Defect
  • Anatomical Landmark
  • Careful Attention
  • Ventricular Septal Defect
  • Gradual Transition


The term “malposition of great arteries“ is commonly used for diagnosis and surgery in abnormal ventriculo-arterial connections with usual arrangement and two well developed ventricles. In these abnormalities the variability of the arterial relationships is considerable and all relationships from normal to side by side to antero posterior have to be expected.

Can we find other anatomical landmarks for the diagnosis and the subsequent corrective surgery?


We reviewed the specimens previously published and observations collected in three different institutions.


There is a gradual transition from Tetralogy of Fallot to double outlet right ventricle with subaortic ventricular septal defect to Taussig-Bing hearts to transposition of great arteries. In this transition the normal aortic-mitral continuity is progressively lost with gradual development of pulmonary- mitral continuity.

The key features determining the sequence of these abnormalities are the relationships between the outlet septum and the ventricular musculature. We may describe and group these malformations in function of the anticlockwise rotation of the outlet septum and the septomarginal trabeculation.


The term “malposition of great arteries“ is a generic term which is of little help for diagnosis and surgery, therefore, it should be avoided.

We recommend a detailed description of the outlet septum and the septomarginal trabeculation in relation to the VSD. Careful attention to these structures dictates the diagnosis and the best surgical approach.



We are grateful to Prof. Robert H. Anderson for the invaluable help and discussions during this study.

Authors’ Affiliations

Ped. Cardiology, Clocheville Hospital, CHRU Tours, France


© Capuani et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.