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Post-traumatic diaphragmatic ruptures – 12 years experience
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery volume 8, Article number: O76 (2013)
Undetected post-traumatic trans-diaphragmatic hernias due to once minor diaphragmatic lacerations can lead over time to serious complications. Early recognition and treatment are mandatory to minimize complication.
We reviewed retrospectively the charts of 18 patients admitted between 2001and 2012, presenting with diaphragmatic lacerations post trauma. We noted the traumatic mechanism, involvement of other organs, diagnostic methods, surgical approach, and postoperative stay. All patients were submitted to open surgery. The surgical repair of the diaphragm was performed using double layer in separate stitches. We used average with standard deviation and correlation Pearson index.
We had a 0,2 ratio female/male, mean age 41.88±17,08 years. The mechanism of injury was 5 stabbing wounds, 5 rib fractures, 4 crash syndrome, and 4 decelerations. 15 cases were operated on as an immediate emergency, 3 cases were delayed. The surgery was: thoracic in 15 and thoraco-abdominal in 3 cases. We noted 3 complications. Pearson index for age-postoperative days was 0.241.
Due to the serious short and long term complications and lesion associations, post-traumatic diaphragmatic lacerations must be approached early and by a multidisciplinary surgical team. In a poli-traumatized patient with severe bleeding often minimally invasive approach is in our opinion not sufficient.
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Tunea, C., Burlacu, O., Voiculescu, V. et al. Post-traumatic diaphragmatic ruptures – 12 years experience. J Cardiothorac Surg 8, O76 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-8-S1-O76
- Double Layer
- Diagnostic Method
- Surgical Repair
- Early Recognition
- Invasive Approach