Skip to main content

Predictive factors of post-operative atrial fibrillation after myocardial revascularization and its impact on mortality and morbidity

Background

Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation (POAF) is the most common arrhythmia in cardiac surgery. Its incidence ranges between 20-40%. The objective of this study was to determine the predictive factors of POAF that occurred in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and the impact of this event on morbidity and mortality.

Methods

This bi-directional and longitudinal cohort study was made with 3,010 patients undergoing CABG between June/2009 and July/2010, aged ≥ 18 years. We excluded 382 patients for chronic or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, or association of the surgery evaluated with other procedures.

Results

The incidence of POAF was 12.4% (2302 progressed without POAF - Group I and 326 with POAF- Group II. Among the predictive factors for the occurrence of POAF, observed: age (Group I: 61.2 ± 9.38, group II: 66.8 ± 8.9, p <0.001); rate female: male ratio of 1:3; CRI (p=0.001), creatinine >/= 2.2mg/dl (p=0.002); COPD (p=0.001), ICC (p=0.004), EuroSCORE (p<0.001), blood transfusion (p<0.001), Peripheral Arterial Insufficiency (PAI) (0,011); emergency surgery/emergency (p= 0.006), postoperative stroke (p<0.001) and RI postoperatively (p <0.001). Patients with POAF had longer postoperative hospital stay (p<0.001), higher mortality at one year (p <0.001) and a higher rate of readmission within 30 days (p = 0.004).

Conclusion

The age, male gender, CRI, COPD, peripheral arterial disease, creatinine >/= 2,2mg/dl, CHF, EuroSCORE, blood transfusion, emergency surgery/emergency (p= 0.006), postoperative stroke (p<0.001) and RI postoperatively (p<0.001) variables were independently predictive of POAF event. Due to the strong correlation with the increased length of hospitalization, mortality and re-hospitalization in these patients, we must implement strategies for POAF prophylaxis and prevention.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to MLP Sobral.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ ) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Barbieri, L., Sousa, A., Gerônimo, G. et al. Predictive factors of post-operative atrial fibrillation after myocardial revascularization and its impact on mortality and morbidity. J Cardiothorac Surg 8, P22 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-8-S1-P22

Download citation

Keywords

  • Creatinine
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Blood Transfusion
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
  • Rate Female