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In vitro testing of titanium knot fastener used in cardiac and general surgery with pull apart force

Background

To test 2-0 B. Braun PremiCron Suture Knot Pull Apart Force of Two Suture Lots fastened with Titanuim fastener Cor Knot® and compare them with USP Class I Min. Avg. 2-0 Suture Knot-Pull Tensile Strength (Doubled for Loop Test) – (USP).

Methods

Two Suture Lots of 2-0 B. Braun PremiCron Suture: Lot # 1-9364 (24 sutures) and Lot # 110095 (24 sutures) were used and fastened with titanium fastener Cor Knot®. The pull apart force was measured for both of the suture lots.

Results

The USP Class I Min. Avg. 2-0 Suture Knot-Pull Tensile Strength (Doubled for Loop Test) is defined as 2.88 kgf. The Tensile Strength of Lot # 1-9364 was 4,7761 ± 0,2005 kgf (mean ± std dev) - min 4.2282, max 5.2289, and for Lot # 1-9364 was 5,5151 ± 0,2625 kgf (mean ± std dev) - min 4,0044, max 5,1356, respectively. There were no statistically signiffcant differences between the both lots (F- test, p = 0,102). Comparing tensile strenght for both lots fastened with Cor Knot® with USP tensile strength, knots fatened with Cor Knot® showed higher tensile strengths for all the 48 knots. The minimall tensile strength was in the lot 2-0 PremiCron P/N M0027845, Lot # 110095, and was 4,0044 kgf, which is 1 kgf above the recommended USP strength.

Conclusion

Titanium fastened 2-0 B. Braun PremiCron Sutures of two tested lots showed much higher Knot Pull Apart Force compared with recommended minimal average USP Class I Min. Avg. 2-0 Suture Knot-Pull Tensile Strength (Doubled for Loop Test). The use of Cor Knot® is safe, fast and stong and may be recommended as a routine knot fastener for general and cardiovascular surgery, especially in combination with endoscopic surgery.

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Correspondence to BM Gersak.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gersak, B., Sauer, J. In vitro testing of titanium knot fastener used in cardiac and general surgery with pull apart force. J Cardiothorac Surg 8, P64 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1749-8090-8-S1-P64

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Titanium
  • Tensile Strength
  • High Tensile Strength
  • Minimal Average