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Table 4 Pain scoring by 11-NRS

From: Multimodal analgesia versus traditional opiate based analgesia after cardiac surgery, a randomized controlled trial

  Day 0   Day 1   Day 2   Day 3   Day 4  
  Painscore, mean±SD P-value Painscore, mean±SD P-value Painscore, mean±SD P-value Painscore, mean±SD P-value Painscore, mean±SD P-value
Evening scores  
Worst pain  
Multimodal 4.5±2.4 NS 4.6±2.4 0.057(NS) 4.4±2.7 0.093(NS) 3.6±2.4 NS 3.9±2.5 NS
Morphine 5.0±2.4 5.5±2.4 5.3±2.1 3.9±2.3 3.5±2.2
Least pain  
Multimodal 1.5±0.7 NS 1.6±1.0 0.042 1.7±2.4 0.021 1.3±0.8 0.021 1.4±1.0 NS
Morphine 1.7±0.9 2.1±1.2 2.5±1.7 1.8±0.8 1.6±0.8
Average pain  
Multimodal 2.6±1.2 0.022 2.7±1.4 0.005 2.5±1.5 0.001 1.9±1.2 0.032 2.1±1.6 NS
Morphine 3.5±2.0 3.6±1.6 3.9±1.7 2.7±1.5 2.7±1.7
Current pain  
Multimodal 2.5±1.8 NS 2.5±2.0 NS 2.1±1.9 NS 1.4±0.9 0.038 1.7±1.5 NS
Morphine 2.3±1.6 3.1±2.2 2.6±1.9 2.2±1.7 1.7±1.0
Morning scores  
Sternal pain  
Multimodal NA   NA   2.3±2.4 0.042 1.7±2.0 NS 1.6±1.7 NS
Morphine 3.1±2.5 2.0±1.8 1.6±1.9
Physical pain  
Multimodal NA   NA   2.0±2.2 NS 1.4±0.9 NS 1.3±1.7 NS
Morphine 2.3±2.4 2.2±1.7 1.6±1.8
  1. For each day pain scores (mean ± SD) between groups are listed. NA = Not Applicable NS = Non Significant.