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Table 4 Minor CXR findings

From: The value of routine chest radiographs after minimally invasive cardiac surgery: an observational cohort study

  PA MS BV CS p
  (n = 124) (n = 69) (n = 56) (n = 1102)  
Finding; n (%)
Pleural effusion 22 (18) 3 (4.3) 12 (21) 171 (16) 0.019
Atelectasis 36 (29) 6 (8.7) 22 (39) 257 (23) <0.005
Pulmonary congestion 12 (9.7) 11 (14) 19 (34) 173 (16) <0.005
Consolidation 19 (15) 4 (5.8) 10 (18) 63 (5.7) <0.005
  1. PA = Port Access; MS = Mini-sternotomy; BV = Bilateral Video Assisted Thoracoscopy; CS = Conventional Sternotomy; CXR = Chest Radiograph; n = Number.