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Table 5 Major CXR findings

From: The value of routine chest radiographs after minimally invasive cardiac surgery: an observational cohort study

  PA MS BV CS p
  (n = 124) (n = 69)’ (n = 56) (n = 1102)  
Finding; n
Large pleural effusion/haemothorax 2 (1.6) 1 (1.4) 0 (0) 5 (0.5) 0.204
Large atelectasis 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0.2) 1.000
Severe pulmonary congestion 2 (1.6) 0 (0) 1 (1.8) 1 (0.1) 0.013
Large consolidation 2 (1.6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.024
Malposition invasive devices 3 (2.4) 2 (2.9) 1 (1.8) 10 (0.9) 0.104
Widened mediastinum 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 2 (3.6) 13 (1.2) 0.299
Large subcutaneous emphysema 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 1 (1.8) 0 (0) 0.016
Pneumothorax 3 (2.4) 2 (2.9) 1 (1.8) 10 (0.9) 0.104
Pneumopericardium 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0,2) 1.000
  1. PA = Port Access; MS = Mini-sternotomy; BV = Bilateral Video Assisted Thoracoscopy; CS = Conventional Sternotomy; CXR = Chest Radiograph; n = Number.